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Table 1 LDL and HDL particle size and distribution at baseline and post-treatment

From: Comparison of effects of diet versus exercise weight loss regimens on LDL and HDL particle size in obese adults

  Group Week 1 a Week 12 P-value within group b P-value between groups c
   Mean SEM Mean SEM   
LDL integrated particle size (Å) ADF 261 ± 1 265 ± 2 0.01 0.20
  CR 260 ± 2 264 ± 2 0.01  
  Exercise 260 ± 2 261 ± 1 0.70  
  Control 260 ± 2 260 ± 2 0.49  
% Large LDL particles ADF 40 ± 4 48 ± 5 0.04 0.43
  CR 47 ± 5 52 ± 5 0.07  
  Exercise 49 ± 4 49 ± 4 0.49  
  Control 42 ± 4 41 ± 4 0.53  
% Medium LDL particles ADF 35 ± 2 34 ± 2 0.75 0.49
  CR 36 ± 3 34 ± 3 0.57  
  Exercise 35 ± 2 34 ± 2 0.48  
  Control 39 ± 2 39 ± 2 0.87  
% Small LDL particles ADF 25 ± 3 18 ± 3 0.04 0.75
  CR 18 ± 3 14 ± 4 0.29  
  Exercise 17 ± 3 17 ± 3 0.89  
  Control 19 ± 4 20 ± 4 0.50  
% Large HDL particles ADF 34 ± 3 34 ± 3 0.93 0.98
  CR 34 ± 4 36 ± 5 0.67  
  Exercise 28 ± 3 34 ± 3 0.04  
  Control 34 ± 4 34 ± 5 0.98  
% Medium HDL particles ADF 49 ± 3 46 ± 3 0.39 0.31
  CR 43 ± 4 44 ± 4 0.85  
  Exercise 52 ± 3 52 ± 3 0.80  
  Control 45 ± 3 44 ± 4 0.64  
% Small HDL particles ADF 18 ± 3 20 ± 3 0.61 0.53
  CR 22 ± 4 20 ± 6 0.57  
  Exercise 21 ± 4 14 ± 3 0.03  
  Control 21 ± 3 22 ± 3 0.60  
  1. Values reported as mean ± SEM.
  2. Alternate day fasting (ADF), n = 13; Calorie restriction (CR), n = 12; Exercise, n = 12; Control, n = 12.
  3. a Baseline values were not significantly different between intervention groups: One-way ANOVA.
  4. b P-value within group: Student's paired t-test comparing week 1 to week 12 values.
  5. c P-value between groups: One-way ANOVA between groups for week 12 values.