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Table 1 Fatty acid distribution of milk lipids

From: Influence of in vitro supplementation with lipids from conventional and Alpine milk on fatty acid distribution and cell growth of HT-29 cells

  A B
  MLcon   MLalp   MLcon   MLalp  
FAME [%] Mean   SD   Mean   SD   Mean   SD   Mean   SD  
C14:0 12.32 ± 0.51 b 9.67 ± 0.25 d 13.09 ± 0.18 a 10.21 ± 0.18 c
C14:1 c 9 1.04 ± 0.05 b 0.89 ± 0.03 d 1.15 ± 0.02 a 0.98 ± 0.01 c
C15:0 1.24 ± 0.05 d 1.35 ± 0.02 c 1.47 ± 0.04 b 1.58 ± 0.04 a
C16:0 38.36 ± 1.29 b 26.49 ± 0.89 d 43.50 ± 1.35 a 29.76 ± 0.53 c
C16:1 c 9 1.70 ± 0.05 b 1.37 ± 0.04 d 1.97 ± 0.01 a 1.62 ± 0.04 c
C17:0 0.56 ± 0.02 c 0.68 ± 0.01 b 0.68 ± 0.02 b 0.79 ± 0.01 a
C18:0 9.53 ± 1.07   10.19 ± 0.85   9.92 ± 0.22   10.54 ± 0.26  
C18:1 c 9 14.06 ± 0.65 d 19.79 ± 0.68 b 15.56 ± 0.19 c 21.71 ± 0.27 a
C18:1 c 11 0.46 ± 0.02 d 0.60 ± 0.02 b 0.50 ± 0.02 c 0.66 ± 0.02 a
C18:1 c 12-15 0.40 ± 0.02 b 0.55 ± 0.03 a 0.41 ± 0.03 b 0.56 ± 0.05 a
C18:1 t 4-8 0.09 ± 0.01 b 0.25 ± 0.02 a 0.09 ± 0.02 b 0.25 ± 0.01 b
C18:1 t 9 0.16 ± 0.01 b 0.29 ± 0.01 a 0.15 ± 0.03 b 0.30 ± 0.01 a
C18:1 t 10 0.21 ± 0.02 c 0.28 ± 0.02 b 0.22 ± 0.02 c 0.32 ± 0.01 a
C18:1 t 11 (VA) 0.47 ± 0.02 c 4.54 ± 0.13 b 0.51 ± 0.01 c 4.96 ± 0.05 a
C18:1 t 12-16 0.81 ± 0.07 c 1.25 ± 0.10 b 0.91 ± 0.03 c 1.44 ± 0.04 a
C18:2 n-6 1.06 ± 0.09 b 1.30 ± 0.06 ab 1.48 ± 0.43 ab 1.73 ± 0.38 a
C18:2 n-6 (t,t) 0.30 ± 0.02 c 0.52 ± 0.04 b 0.35 ± 0.03 c 0.71 ± 0.06 a
C18:2 c 9,t 11 0.31 ± 0.03 c 2.77 ± 0.13 b 0.32 ± 0.04 c 3.04 ± 0.08 a
C18:2 t 11,c 13 0.00 ± 0.00 c 0.25 ± 0.01 b 0.00 ± 0.00 c 0.29 ± 0.02 a
C18:2 t 9,t 11 0.03 ± 0.01 c 0.12 ± 0.00 b 0.01 ± 0.01 d 0.16 ± 0.02 a
C18:2 t 11,t 13 0.00 ± 0.00 c 0.05 ± 0.00 a 0.00 ± 0.00 c 0.04 ± 0.01 b
C18:3 n-3 0.34 ± 0.03 d 1.27 ± 0.06 b 0.43 ± 0.03 c 1.46 ± 0.02 a
C20:0 0.21 ± 0.11   0.17 ± 0.02   0.20 ± 0.04   0.19 ± 0.03  
C20:1 c 9 0.02 ± 0.00   0.03 ± 0.01   0.04 ± 0.02   0.03 ± 0.02  
C20:3 n-6 0.09 ± 0.01   0.07 ± 0.01   0.09 ± 0.03   0.07 ± 0.02  
C20:4 n-6 0.10 ± 0.01 a 0.07 ± 0.00 b 0.10 ± 0.01 a 0.08 ± 0.02 b
C20:5 n-3 0.04 ± 0.01 b 0.11 ± 0.01 a 0.03 ± 0.02 b 0.10 ± 0.02 a
C22:5 n-3 0.09 ± 0.01 b 0.12 ± 0.00 ab 0.08 ± 0.07 b 0.16 ± 0.05 a
∑ SCFA(C4 > C8) 6.58 ± 0.50 a 6.56 ± 0.40 a 0.00 ± 0.00 b 0.00 ± 0.00 b
∑ MCFA(C10 > C14) 20.77 ± 0.98 a 16.15 ± 0.43 c 18.50 ± 0.95 b 14.19 ± 0.45 d
∑ SFA 77.73 ± 1.00 a 62.95 ± 1.17 c 75.25 ± 0.74 b 58.98 ± 0.35 d
∑ MUFA 19.89 ± 0.81 d 30.29 ± 0.93 b 21.67 ± 0.21 c 33.02 ± 0.33 a
∑ PUFA incl. CLA 2.38 ± 0.19 d 6.76 ± 0.25 b 3.07 ± 0.58 c 8.01 ± 0.38 a
∑ PUFA n-3 0.48 ± 0.05 c 1.58 ± 0.06 b 0.56 ± 0.11 c 1.83 ± 0.05 a
∑ PUFA n-6 1.26 ± 0.10 b 1.46 ± 0.06 ab 1.83 ± 0.48 a 1.92 ± 0.38 a
PUFA/SFA 0.03 ± 0.00 d 0.11 ± 0.01 b 0.04 ± 0.01 c 0.14 ± 0.01 a
n-6/n-3 2.60 ± 0.12 b 0.93 ± 0.01 c 3.26 ± 0.23 a 1.05 ± 0.19 c
∑ SFA+t FA 79.78 ± 0.86 a 70.08 ± 0.90 c 77.49 ± 0.75 b 66.96 ± 0.30 d
∑ C18:1 (t) 1.74 ± 0.13 c 6.61 ± 0.26 b 1.88 ± 0.09 c 7.28 ± 0.07 a
C18:1 t 9/t 11 0.35 ± 0.01 a 0.06 ± 0.00 c 0.30 ± 0.05 b 0.06 ± 0.00 c
∑ CLA 0.34 ± 0.03 c 3.19 ± 0.13 b 0.33 ± 0.04 c 3.55 ± 0.09 a
VA + C18:2 c 9,t 11 0.78 ± 0.04 c 7.31 ± 0.26 b 0.83 ± 0.04 c 8.00 ± 0.13 a
∑ BCFA 1.75 ± 0.05 d 2.39 ± 0.08 b 2.11 ± 0.06 c 2.80 ± 0.03 a
  1. FA distribution of milk lipids from TAG (ML conventional and ML Alpine) before preparation (A) to FFA-mixtures suitable for cellular experiments, FA distribution of milk lipids as FFA-mixtures used for incubation of cells after saponification, extraction and solution (B) of milk lipids (FFA) in ethanol. Means (n = 6) of FAME [%] significantly differ without the same letter (a, b, c, d), two-way ANOVA Tukey post hoc test P < 0.05.