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Table 1 Composition of foods including fatty acid distribution

From: High content of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in red blood cells of Kenyan Maasai despite low dietary intake

  Cow's milk
(n = 4)
Fermented Cow's Milk
(n = 8)
Ugali1
(n = 3)
Kimbo®2
(n = 3)
  Mean sd Mean sd Mean sd Mean sd
Energy (kJ/100 g) 350 7 387 62 477 17 3930 5
Carbohydrates3 (g/100 g) 5.4 0.1 5.3 0.4 19.9 0.7 0 0
Fat (g/100 g) 4.5 0.2 5.1 1.4 1.0 0.0 99.7 0.7
Protein (g/100 g) 3.7 0.3 4.3 0.7 2.4 0.1 0.3 0.1
Fibre (g/100 g) -- -- -- -- 2.5 0.1 -- --
Cholesterol (mg/100 g) 8.5 1.2 10.2 4.3 -- -- 1.7 0.1
Fatty acids (% of total FAME)
   ∑C6 > C10 6.79 0.49 7.81 1.75 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00
   C12:0 3.15 0.09 3.20 0.47 0.14 0.01 0.01 0.00
   C14:0 11.67 0.53 11.35 1.16 0.05 0.00 0.87 0.03
   C16:0 33.81 1.58 32.37 2.37 12.92 0.27 45.71 0.45
   C16:1 1.91 0.40 1.74 0.41 0.14 0.00 0.14 0.00
   C18:0 9.26 1.07 9.61 1.28 2.17 0.05 4.00 0.11
   C18:1cis 9 17.24 1.26 17.26 2.03 32.65 0.12 38.19 0.51
   ∑C18:1trans 2.30 0.31 2.48 0.37 0.04 0.00 0.08 0.03
   C18:1t 11 1.39 0.22 1.51 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
   C18:2n-6 0.56 0.10 0.59 0.15 48.97 0.15 9.21 0.17
   ∑CLA 1.01 0.14 1.08 0.25 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.00
   c9,t 11 CLA 0.81 0.11 0.88 0.23 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00
   C18:3n-3 0.47 0.11 0.50 0.10 1.03 0.01 0.10 0.01
   C20:0 0.34 0.02 0.35 0.05 0.46 0.01 0.32 0.01
   C20:4n-6 0.05 0.01 0.06 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
   C20:5n-3 0.06 0.01 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
   C22:0 0.18 0.02 0.18 0.02 0.14 0.00 0.06 0.00
   C22:5n-3 0.11 0.01 0.11 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
   C22:6n-3 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
   ∑SFA 73.57 0.90 73.40 2.56 16.20 0.23 51.38 0.58
   ∑MUFA 23.90 0.67 23.89 2.49 33.73 0.12 39.26 0.46
   ∑PUFA 2.52 0.30 2.71 0.37 50.07 0.14 9.36 0.17
   ∑n-3 PUFA 0.73 0.12 0.79 0.14 1.05 0.01 0.10 0.01
   ∑n-6 PUFA 0.67 0.12 0.71 0.17 48.98 0.15 9.21 0.17
   n-6/n-3 0.92 0.10 0.90 0.11 46.64 0.58 88.98 7.58
  1. 1 Solid mush with just maize meal and water for analysis
  2. 2 Palm oil-derived shortening
  3. 3 Total digestible carbohydrates