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Table 3 Contribution of foods and nutrients to the daily energy intake of Maasai in the current study compared to Nestel [16]

From: High content of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in red blood cells of Kenyan Maasai despite low dietary intake

  Present study
(n = 261)
Study of Nestel 1989[16]
(n = 1272)
  Mean SD m/f Mean SD  
Energy intake (MJ) 7.6 2.1 9.5/7.0 5.1 2.1  
  en% g en% g3
Contribution of nutrients Mean SD m/f Mean SD  
Carbohydrates 56.2 9.4 303/223 48.4 18.4 144.4
Protein 13.3 2.0 73/54 14.8 7.3 44.1
Fat 30.5 7.9 74/55 35.8 14.1 47.2
   SFA (% of ∑ FAME) 63.8 6.5 47/35 68.1 4 0.5 32
   MUFA (% of ∑ FAME) 27.1 1.7 20/15 28.0 4 0.3 13
   PUFA (% of ∑ FAME) 9.2 0.6 7/5 3.5 4 0.2 2
Cholesterol (mg) - - 120/89 mg - - 219 mg4
Alcohol 0 0 0 0.9 4.8 1.6
  en% g en% g3
Contribution of foods Mean SD   Mean SD  
Dairy products 41.1 20.7   42.4 29.4  
   Milk5 37.5 20.9 863 41.2 30.3 690
   Ghee 3.6 3.8 7.3 1.2 3.8 2
Meat & suet 0.6 1.9 5.3 9.2 12.4 35
Plant-derived foods 58.3 20.7   48.4 12.1  
   Maize 33.0 17.4 171 22.2 23.6 79
   Sugar 10.1 5.1 42 15.0 14.1 45
   Other 15.2 - -   11.2 6.1  
  1. f, females m, males
  2. 1 20 female and 6 male subjects, Ø 33 years
  3. 2 Kenyan Maasai (127 women, Ø 34 years; in total 273 food records)
  4. 3 Calculated from the percentages
  5. 4 Values from [7]
  6. 5 All types of milk of which 793 g (34.5 en%) was fresh (boiled) cow's milk, 67 g (2.9 en%) fermented cow's milk and 3.2 g (0.1 en%) goat's milk