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Table 3 Serum variables at rest (R) and after acute exercise (E) at the end of the experiment (60 days)

From: Metabolic responses to acute physical exercise in young rats recovered from fetal protein malnutrition with a fructose-rich diet

   B BF LB LF
Glucose (mg/dL) R 107 ± 15a 110 ± 9a 106 ± 19a 83 ± 25b
  E 126 ± 31* 134 ± 26* 148 ± 35* 152 ± 26*
Triglycerides (mg/dL) R 61 ± 13ab 79 ± 12a 66 ± 28ab 53 ± 23b
  E 95 ± 25* 106 ± 30* 110 ± 22* 104 ± 29*
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) R 67 ± 14b 124 ± 21a 89 ± 26b 119 ± 27a
  E 81 ± 13b* 105 ± 14a* 82 ± 16b 97 ± 26ab
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) R 39 ± 6b 47 ± 4a 36 ± 4b 39 ± 8b
  E 50 ± 5ab* 54 ± 6a* 45 ± 4b* 50 ± 7ab*
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) R 59 ± 14a 75 ± 14b 53 ± 15a 50 ± 16a
  E 58 ± 9 57 ± 11* 49 ± 12 53 ± 10
Total Proteins (g/dL) R 5.5 ± 0.1b 5.6 ± 0.1b 5.5 ± 0.3b 5.8 ± 0.2a
  E 5.6 ± 0.1* 5.7 ± 0.1 5.7 ± 0.1 5.7 ± 0.1
Albumin (g/dL) R 3.9 ± 0.3b 3.8 ± 0.2b 4.2 ± 0.3a 4.1 ± 0.6a
  E 3.9 ± 0.2 3.9 ± 0.2 3.9 ± 0.2* 3.9 ± 0.3
  1. Results expressed as the mean ± standard deviation of 10 rats per group.
  2. B: balanced; BF: balanced/fructose; LB: low protein/balanced; LF: low protein/fructose.
  3. R: at rest; E: after acute physical exercise.
  4. Different letters indicate significant difference among groups. Two-Way ANOVA and Newman-Keuls' Post-Hoc (p < 0.05).
  5. *intra-group difference by Student's t-test (at rest vs. acute physical exercise).