Macrophages and monocytes (A), activated macrophages (B), neutrophils (C), regulatory T lymphocytes (D), total (E) and activated (F) CD4+ T cells, total (G) and activated (H) CD8+ T cells, total (I) and activated (J) B cells, activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes (H), total (I) and activated B cells (J) of mice from control and HFD groups (receiving standard chow or HFD, respectively) or colitis and colitis + HFD groups (receiving the respective diets and treated with 2 cycles of DSS [3%] to induce ulcerative colitis). Bars indicate the means, and vertical lines indicate the standard errors. n = 5 per group. Test: One-way ANOVA + Newman-Keuls post-test. Different indicate p < 0.05.