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Table 2 Basic characteristics of patients, stratified according to presence of CAD verified by invasive CAG and CT CAG, respectively

From: Small dense LDL particles - a predictor of coronary artery disease evaluated by invasive and CT-based techniques: a case-control study

  CAG CT CAG
Variable No CAD
(n = 120)
CAD
(n = 58)
p-value No CAD
(n = 71)
CAD
(n = 91)
p-value
Age (mean and SD)T 61.6
± 9.8
64.1
± 8.9
0.1 60.4
± 9.8
64.1
± 8.9
0.02
Male (number and %)F 46 (38.3) 42 (72.4) <0.0001 40.8 (29) 57.1 (52) 0.06
Family disposition to ischemic heart disease (number and %)F 66 (55) 28 (48.3) 0.43 62.0 (44) 48.4 (44) 0.11
Actual smoking (number and %)F 21 (17.5) 17 (29.3) 0.08 19.7 (14) 24.2 (22) 0.57
Lipid-lowering medication (number and %)F 61 (50.8) 44 (75.9) 0.002 45.1 (32) 70.3 (64) 0.001
Antihypertensive medication (number and %)F 75 (62.5) 45 (77.6) 0.06 62.0 (44) 71.4 (65) 0.24
Systolic blood pressure (mean and SD)T 145.8
± 21.6
148.6
± 16.8
0.35 144.0
± 20.1
147.4
± 19.7
0.29
Diastolic blood pressure (mean and SD)T 78.8
± 11.0
80.4
± 9.2
0.34 78.2
± 9.7
79.6
± 10.6
0.39
BMI (kg/m2)(mean and SD)T 26.7
± 4.3
27.2
± 3.1
0.4 25.9
± 4.0
27.4
± 3.9
0.02
Waist circumference (cm) (mean and SD)T 94.8
± 12.4
99.6
± 9.7
0.005 92.8
± 11.9
98.1
± 11.4
<0.005
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) (mean and SD)T 5.0
± 0.9
5.0
± 1.0
0.75 5.1
± 1.0
4.9
± 0.9
0.35
Triglycerides (mmol/L) (mean and SD) T 1.3
0.7
1.8
1.3
0.02 1.3
0.7
1.2
0.8
0.1
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L ) (mean and SD) T 1.7
0.5
1.4
0.4
<0.001 1.7
0.5
1.5
0.4
0.03
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) (mean and SD)T (ntotal = 175) 2.7
± 0.9
(n = 119)
2.8
± 0.8
(n = 56)
0.39 2.8
± 1.0
(n = 70)
2.7
± 0.8
(n = 89)
0.46
High sensitive CRP (mean and SD) T 2.2
2.6
4.0
7.2
0.06 2.2
3.2
3.4
5.8
0.09
ApoB (g/L) (mean and SD)T 0.9
± 0.2
1.0
± 0.2
0.09 0.9
± 0.2
0.9
± 0.2
0.91
Lp(a) (arb. units) (mean and SD) T 315.1
387.9
456.4
511.0
0.06 276.5
346.2
412.9
487.4
0.07
sdLDL (mean and SD percentages)T 40.0
16.8
50.1
19.5
<0.001 39.5
17.1
45.8
18.7
0.03
  1. Numbers in parentheses. (CAG: n = 178 and CT CAG: n = 162 ) (F: Fisher's exact test for count data, T: Students t-test, W: Wilcoxon rank sum test)