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Table 2 Association of total physical activity with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels

From: Total physical activity might not be a good measure in the relationship with HDL cholesterol and triglycerides in a multi-ethnic population: a cross-sectional study

  European-Dutch Hindustani-Surinamese African-Surinamese
Mean HDL β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
   T1 Reference Reference Reference
   T2 0.01 (-0.08, 0.09) -0.14 (-0.25, -0.03) 0.04 (-0.04, 0.12)
   T3 0.04 (-0.05, 0.13) 0.01 (-0.09, 0.12) 0.08 (0.01, 0.16)
Low HDL in percentage PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
   T1 Reference = 1 Reference = 1 Reference = 1
   T2 0.94 (0.57, 1.55) 1.45 (0.98, 2.14) 0.73 (0.50, 1.07)
   T3 1.25 (0.76, 2.07) 1.06 (0.71, 1.58) 0.59 (0.40, 0.88)
Triglycerides a GMR (95% CI) GMR (95% CI) GMR (95% CI)
   T1 Reference = 1 Reference = 1 Reference = 1
   T2 1.07 (0.95, 1.20) 1.12 (0.95, 1.33) 0.98 (0.88, 1.10)
   T3 1.07 (0.94, 1.21) 1.01 (0.86, 1.19) 0.91 (0.82, 1.02)
High triglycerides in percentage PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
   T1 Reference = 1 Reference = 1 Reference = 1
   T2 0.83 (0.54, 1.28) 0.95 (0.59, 1.54) 0.87 (0.49, 1.53)
   T3 1.06 (0.69, 1.61) 0.74 (0.46, 1.18) 0.54 (0.29, 1.02)
  1. CI, confidence interval; GMR, geometric mean ratio; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; PR, prevalence ratio(estimated with robust Poisson regression); T1-T3, tertiles of the total physical activity score. The estimates for β and the GMR are based on a restricted dataset excluding participants with known raised cholesterol and/or triglyceride levels. Estimates are adjusted for age and sex.
  2. aTriglyceride levels were skewed and therefore log-transformed in the model. The values represent the GMRs compared to each reference group. Low HDL cholesterol < 1.04 mmol/L (< 40 mg/dL) for men and < 1.29 mmol/L (< 50 mg/dL) for women. Raised triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L (≥150 mg/dL) or receiving cholesterol/triglycerides lowering medication.