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Table 5 Metabolic panel data for 22 men and women assigned to Glavonoid™ or placebo for eight weeks.

From: A dual investigation of the effect of dietary supplementation with licorice flavonoid oil on anthropometric and biochemical markers of health and adiposity

Variable Glavonoid™ Pre
(n = 11)
Glavonoid™ Post
(n = 11)
Placebo
Pre
(n = 11)
Placebo
Post
(n = 11)
Insulin (μU·mL-1) 7.9 ± 1.3 9.2 ± 1.5 9.1 ± 0.5 8.4 ± 1.2
HOMA-IR 1.6 ± 0.3 2.0 ± 0.4 1.9 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.3
Adiponectin (μg·mL-1) 17.8 ± 1.7 19.0 ± 2.7 15.3 ± 3.4 15.3 ± 3.2
Resistin (ng·mL-1) 5.7 ± 0.4 5.9 ± 0.6 5.1 ± 0.7 4.8 ± 0.5
Glucose (mg·dL-1) 84.4 ± 1.9 85.7 ± 2.9 83.4 ± 2.7 88.0 ± 4.2
BUN (mg·dL-1) 13.6 ± 1.2 12.6 ± 1.3 12.7 ± 1.0 13.8 ± 1.3
Creatinine (mg·dL-1) 1.0 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.0 0.9 ± 0.0
BUN:Creatinine 14.2 ± 0.8 13.1 ± 0.6 14.3 ± 1.5 15.0 ± 1.6
Sodium (mmol·L-1)*† 137.5 ± 0.4 139.0 ± 0.5 138.9 ± 0.5 139.0 ± 0.5
Potassium (mmol·L-1) 4.1 ± 0.1 4.2 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.1 4.5 ± 0.2
Chloride (mmol·L-1) 102.5 ± 1.1 102.1 ± 0.7 102.7 ± 0.6 103.1 ± 0.5
CO2 (mmol·L-1) 24.0 ± 0.9 26.0 ± 0.8 24.3 ± 0.7 25.3 ± 0.7
Calcium (mg·dL-1) 9.4 ± 0.1 9.2 ± 0.1 9.4 ± 0.2 9.1 ± 0.1
Protein (g·dL-1) 6.9 ± 0.1 6.9 ± 0.1 6.9 ± 0.1 7.0 ± 0.1
Albumin (g·dL-1) 4.3 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.1
Globulin (g·dL-1) 2.6 ± 0.1 2.6 ± 0.1 2.6 ± 0.1 2.7 ± 0.1
A:G 1.7 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.1
Bilirubin (mg·dL-1) 0.5 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.1
Alk Phos (IU·L-1) 67.5 ± 6.8 65.3 ± 6.5 72.6 ± 6.3 70.9 ± 7.4
AST (SGOT) (IU·L-1)** 23.7 ± 2.5 26.7 ± 2.3 21.2 ± 2.1 19.9 ± 0.9
ALT (SGPT) (IU·L-1) 23.5 ± 4.0 28.9 ± 5.2 20.5 ± 3.9 21.2 ± 4.9
  1. Values are mean ± SEM.
  2. † Condition × pre/post intervention interaction effect noted for Sodium (p = 0.04). No other condition × pre/post intervention interaction effects noted (p > 0.05).
  3. * Condition effect noted for Sodium (p = 0.04). No other condition effects noted (p > 0.05).
  4. ** Pre/post intervention effect noted for AST (SGOT) (p = 0.02). No other pre/post intervention effects noted (p > 0.05).