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Table 2 CAD Risk Factors and Other Markers in Study Group (n = 129)

From: Metabolic syndrome in South Asian immigrants: more than low HDL requiring aggressive management

Variables n (%) Mean ± SD
BMI    26.37 ± 5.08
  Normal (< 23) 27(21.62) 21.84 ± 1.68
  Overweight (23 - 30) 76(60.14) 25.82 ± 2.05
  Obese (≥ 30) 22 (18.24) 34.07 ± 6.45
Total LDL    117.63 ± 35.61
  Normal (< 150 mg/dl) 103(83.06) 106.08 ± 24.73
  Abnormal (≥ 150 mg/dl) 21(16.94) 174.95 ± 24.44
Total HDL    48.38 ± 10.99
  Normal (> 40 mg/dl) 92(73.6) 52.95 ± 8.98
  Abnormal (≤ 40 mg/dl) 33(26.4) 35.79 ± 4.31
HDL2 ¥    12.03 ± 3.69
  Normal (≥10 mg/dl) 26(34.67) 8.19 ± 1.81
  Abnormal (< 10 mg/dl) 49(65.33) 14.12 ± 2.63
HDL3 %    35.91 ±8.25
  Normal (≥30 mg/dl) 18(24.0) 26.11 ± 3.34
  Abnormal (< 30 mg/dl) 57(76.0) 39.02 ± 6.86
Dys-HDL*    0.83 ± 0.74
  Normal (< 1.0) 88(73.95) 0.53 ± 0.17
  Dysfunctional (≥ 1.0) 31(26.05) 1.71 ± 1.02
Total Cholesterol    193.17 ± 38.97
  Normal (< 200 mg/dl) 73(58.4) 167.74 ± 22.34
  Abnormal (≥ 200 mg/dl) 52(41.6) 229.31 ± 27.37
Triglycerides    160.44 ± 114.56
  Normal (< 150 mg/dl) 73(58.4) 99.23 ± 26.88
  Abnormal (≥ 150 mg/dl) 52(41.6) 246.90 ± 134.70
Lipoprotein [a]    13.61 ± 18.99
  Normal (< 10 mg/dl) 79(64.23) 4.59 ± 1.79
  Abnormal (≥10 mg/dl) 44(35.77) 30.02 ± 24.46
Apo lipoprotein A-I    150.36 ± 31.94
  Normal (94 - 176 mg/dl) 95(76.0) 142.06 ± 22.19
  Abnormal (else) 30(24.0) 178.13 ± 41.30
hsCRP**    3.32 ± 2.56
  Normal (< 5 mg/L) 63(51.22) 1.24 ± 1.09
  Abnormal (≥ 5 mg/L) 60(48.78) 5.55 ± 1.60
Homocysteine    10.34 ± 7.71
  Normal (< 12 umol/L) 74(77.89) 7.96 ± 2.06
  Abnormal (≥ 12 umol/L) 21(22.11) 18.79 ± 13.08
CCA-IMT    0.73 ± 0.17
  Normal (< 0.8 mm) 48(61.54) 0.649 ± 0.094
  Abnormal (≥ 0.8 mm) 30(38.46) 0.916 ± 0.15
Waist Circumference (cm)   93.72 ±14.08
  Male 61 (48.66) 95.53 ± 12.74
  Female 46 (27.98) 91.47 ± 15.58
Physical Activity No 20 (15.50)  
  Yes 109 (84.50)  
Smoking No 121 (93.80)  
  Yes 8 (6.20)  
Type II Diabetes # No 89 (69.53)  
  Yes 39 (30.47)  
High Blood Pressure # No 70 (54.69)  
  Yes 58 (45.31)  
Family history of T2D $ No 48 (43.24)  
  Yes 63 (56.76)  
Family history of CAD $ No 67 (60.36)  
  Yes 44 (39.64)  
  1. *Dys-HDL = Dysfunctional HDL measure by HDL Inflammatory index; **hsCRP = High sensitivity C reactive protein; # History/examination and/or blood test; $ T2D = Type II diabetes; CAD = Coronary Artery Disease.