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Table 1 Anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical data, categorized by the median (cutoff: 69.4 U/L) of ox-LDL concentrations (n = 160)

From: Relationship of oxidized low density lipoprotein with lipid profile and oxidative stress markers in healthy young adults: a translational study

  Low ox-LDL
<69.4 U/L
(n = 80)
High ox-LDL
≥ 69.4 U/L
(n = 80)
P-value*
Women (%) 60.8 52.6 0.305
Age (y) 23.1 ± 3.6 23.4 ± 3.4 0.145
BMI (kg/m2) 21.6 ± 2.8 22.4 ± 3.0 0.046
Waist circumference (cm) 78.0 ± 8.7 78.3 ± 8.7 0.863
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.8 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.1 0.469
Sum of 4 ST (mm) 42.6 ± 16.8 45.0 ± 20.4 0.369
Truncal fat (%) 57.4 ± 7.1 59.3 ± 6.1 0.069
Total body fat (%) 23.8 ± 6.1 23.4 ± 7.0 0.735
Body fat mass (kg) 15.0 ± 5.2 14.7 ± 5.4 0.303
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 109 ± 9 110 ± 9 0.239
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 ± 7 73 ± 7 0.257
Glucose (mg/dL) 90.8 ± 7.0 90.3 ± 6.3 0.394
Insulin (μU/mL)** 10.3 ± 5.0 10.2 ± 6.0 0.302
HOMA-IR** 2.3 ± 1.2 2.3 ± 1.3 0.245
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 153.4 ± 27.8 166.5 ± 33.5 0.007
HDL-c (mg/dL) 47.3 ± 12.4 45.7 ± 10.4 0.342
LDL-c (mg/dL) 91.0 ± 26.6 100.2 ± 26.4 0.009
Triacylglycerol (mg/dL) 96.1 ± 49.1 103.2 ± 38.5 0.059
Total cholesterol-to-HDL-c ratio 3.3 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.9 <0.001
Uric acid (mg/dL) 3.4 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 1.1 0.049
GPx activity (nmol/[mL/min]) 487.9 ± 231.3 659.1 ± 299.2 0.002
Selenium (ng/g of nail)§ 396.2 ± 88.0 365.5 ± 76.7 0.033
Zinc (μg/g of nail)§ 124.5 ± 57.7 132.3 ± 68.7 0.212
Copper (μg/g of nail)§ 7.4 ± 5.5 7.1 ± 7.1 0.247
  1. Data are mean ± SD.
  2. Ox-LDL, oxidized low density lipoprotein; BMI, body mass index; ST, skinfold thickness; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; HDL-c, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-c, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; GPx, glutathione peroxidase.
  3. *Student t test was performed for variables with normal distribution while remaining variables were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate.
  4. **n = 79 and n = 77, for low and high ox-LDL, respectively.
  5. n = 73 for high ox-LDL.
  6. n = 44 and n = 56, for low and high ox-LDL, respectively.
  7. § n = 69 and n = 66, for low and high ox-LDL, respectively.