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Table 2 Mean ± S.D of saturated, mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids in plasma of autistic patients compared to controls

From: Plasma fatty acids as diagnostic markers in autistic patients from Saudi Arabia

Fatty acid Group N Mean ± S.D. Percentage change P value
Propionic Control 26 1.674 ± 0.441 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.874 ± 0.249 52.23  
Butyric Control 26 0.738 ± 0.211 100.00 0.028
  Autistic 26 0.587 ± 0.267 79.54  
Caprylic Control 26 2.250 ± 0.481 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 1.109 ± 0.281 49.31  
Decanoic Control 26 1.954 ± 0.750 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.759 ± 0.182 38.81  
Lauric Control 26 1.903 ± 0.574 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.808 ± 0.160 42.45  
Palmitic Control 26 1.905 ± 0.537 100.00 0.037
  Autistic 26 1.631 ± 0.372 85.62  
Stearic Control 26 1.219 ± 0.315 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.687 ± 0.281 56.36  
Arachidic Control 26 0.673 ± 0.174 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.425 ± 0.222 63.10  
α-Linolenic Control 26 0.354 ± 0.119 100.00 0.045
  Autistic 26 0.299 ± 0.067 84.35  
Eicosapentaenoic Control 26 0.328 ± 0.112 100.00 0.245
  Autistic 22 0.284 ± 0.145 86.64  
Docosahexaenoic Control 26 0.754 ± 0.340 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 22 0.380 ± 0.097 50.40  
Linoleic Control 26 0.359 ± 0.162 100.00 0.023
  Autistic 26 0.220 ± 0.255 61.35  
γ-Linolenic Control 26 0.716 ± 0.323 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 20 0.162 ± 0.101 22.59  
Arachidonic Control 26 0.574 ± 0.202 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 20 0.120 ± 0.040 20.89  
Oleic Control 26 1.212 ± 0.518 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.225 ± 0.064 18.55  
Elaidic Control 26 0.234 ± 0.080 100.00 0.000
  Autistic 26 0.122 ± 0.099 52.28  
  1. This table describes the independent t-test between the control and autistic groups specified saturated, mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fatty acids are expressed in mmol/L plasma. Significant level at p < 0.001