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Table 1 Mean ± S.D of LA/AA, ALA/DHA, AA/DHA, EPA/DHA and EPA/AA ratios in plasma of autistic patients (N = 25) compared to age- matching controls (N = 16).

From: Impaired plasma phospholipids and relative amounts of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids in autistic patients from Saudi Arabia

Parameters Groups Min. Max. Mean ± S.D P value
LA/AA Control 0.48 1.02 0.62 ± 0.16 0.034
  Autistic 0.41 3.31 1.08 ± 0.90  
ALA/DHA Control 0.17 1.26 0.59 ± 0.36 0.004
  Autistic 0.43 1.18 0.84 ± 0.19  
AA/DHA Control 0.47 0.99 0.81 ± 0.17 0.000
  Autistic 0.19 0.61 0.33 ± 0.14  
EPA/DHA Control 0.17 1.44 0.56 ± 0.39 0.576
  Autistic 0.42 1.07 0.61 ± 0.19  
EPA/AA Control 0.24 1.46 0.66 ± 0.37 0.000
  Autistic 1.01 3.49 0.96 ± 0.20  
  1. Fatty acids are expressed in mmol/L plasma. Significant level at p < 0.01