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Table 1 Baseline diabetes risk factor levels a across VAI quintiles.

From: Predictive performance of the visceral adiposity index for a visceral adiposity-related risk: Type 2 Diabetes

Variable Quintile1 Quintile 2 Quintile 3 Quintile 4 Quintile 5 P for trend
  0.21-1.29 unit 1.29-193 unit 1.93-283 unit 2.83-4.30 unit 4.30-41.5 unit  
Age (years) 37.43 (14.05) 40.13 (13.37) 43.26 (13.78) 44.26 (12.59) 44.98 (12.31) <0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 112.81 (15.99) 115.54 (16.86) 118.59 (17.30) 121.83 (18.05) 122.68 (17.80) <0.001
DBP (mm Hg) 73.33 (10.00) 75.89 (10.14) 77.84 (10.10) 79.79 (10.22) 80.70 (10.32) <0.001
DM-FHx 0.22 (0.42) 0.25 (0.43) 0.27 (0.44) 0.29 (0.45) 0.29 (0.46) <0.001
LPA (times/week)       
   ≥3 313 (26.35) 315 (26.54) 302 (25.42) 265 (22.33) 270 (22.75)  
   <3 177 (14.9) 149 (12.55) 155 (13.05) 160 (13.48) 161 (13.56) 0.004
   Never 698 (58.75) 723 (60.91) 731 (61.53) 762 (64.2) 756 (63.69)  
Current smoker 140 (11.8) 131 (11.06) 146 (12.29) 158 (13.33) 178 (15.01) 0.003
Waist (cm) 79.33 (10.65) 84.82 (11.18) 88.56 (10.67) 91.68 (10.57) 94.48 (9.69) <0.001
BMI (Kg.m-2) 24.00 (4.23) 25.96 (4.37) 27.07 (4.13) 28.24 (4.33) 28.91 (4.02) <0.001
HDL-C(mmol.l-1) 1.35 (0.28) 1.18 (0.23) 1.08 (0.22) 1.00 (0.20) 0.86 (0.19) <0.001
WHpR (%) 82.02 (8.12) 84.82 (8.60) 87.61 (8.32) 89.14 (7.84) 90.98 (7.39) <0.001
WHtR (%) 48.65 (6.96) 52.44 (7.50) 54.64 (6.98) 56.76 (7.13) 58.62 (6.66) <0.001
TGs b (mmol.l-1) 0.79 (0.78-0.80) 1.18 (1.16-1.19) 1.58 (1.57-1.60) 2.12 (2.09-2.14) 3.29 (3.23-3.36) <0.001
FPG (mmol.l-1) 4.87 (0.49) 4.90 (0.51) 4.99 (0.51) 5.06 (0.55) 5.14 (0.58) <0.001
PCPG (mmol.l-1) 5.31 (1.47) 5.60 (1.47) 5.93 (1.57) 6.23 (1.64) 6.57 (1.69) <0.001
  1. BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; DM FHx, family history of diabetes; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; PCPG, 2-hour post-challenge plasma glucose; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TGs, triglycerides; VAI, visceral adiposity index; WHpR, waist-to-hip ratio; WHtR, waist-to-height ratio
  2. a. Variables are presented as mean (SD)
  3. b. For TGs geometric mean (95% CIs) has been reported since the distribution was highly skewed.