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Table 3 Enzymatic activity of the lipid metabolism after administration of PLs (adapted from Gundermann 1993 [58])

From: Health effects of dietary phospholipids

Enzyme Activity after PL administration Consequence
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) Acceleration of the breakdown of lipoproteins rich in TG, which results in a reduction of LDL and VLDL
Hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL)  
Acyl-cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) Reduction of cholesterol ester deposition in cells
Cholesterol esterase Hydrolysis of cholesterol esters in the cells. Free cholesterol can be transferred to the blood and incorporated into HDL by LCAT, which results in higher HDL-level
Lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase (LCAT)