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Table 2 Effect of fenugreek on the body weight, energy intake, tissue weights and plasma parameters of experiment 1

From: Fenugreek with reduced bitterness prevents diet-induced metabolic disorders in rats

  Ctrl Fen FRB6
1.2% 2.4% 4.8%
Total energy intake (kJ) 32,156 ± 225a 32,233 ± 175a 32,017 ± 177a 28,789 ± 377b 26,268 ± 1,240b
Final body weight (g) 754 ± 22a 748 ± 16a 714 ± 9a 625 ± 16b 546 ± 19c
EER1 (mg/kJ) 3.95 ± 0.37a 4.05 ± 0.46a 2.75 ± 0.14a 0.80 ± 0.23b −2.98 ± 0.58c
Liver weight (g) 24.2 ± 0.9a 23.2 ± 1.3a 21.5 ± 0.8ab 18.9 ± 0.5bc 16.6 ± 0.5c
EWAT2 weight (g) 23.7 ± 1.3a 23.8 ± 1.1a 21.4 ± 1.2a 12.8 ± 1.2b 7.9 ± 1.0c
Soleuse weight (g) 0.19 ± 0.01ab 0.21 ± 0.01a 0.15 ± 0.02bc 0.13 ± 0.01c 0.11 ± 0.01c
Plasma TG3 (mmol/L) 2.67 ± 0.53 3.05 ± 0.57 4.03 ± 0.64 3.46 ± 0.61 2.93 ± 0.52
Plasma TC4 (mmol/L) 2.00 ± 0.18 1.84 ± 0.15 1.58 ± 0.09 1.45 ± 0.05* 1.29 ± 0.07*
AST (U/L) 65.3 ± 5.4 53.1 ± 2.6 52.3 ± 2.6* 53.3 ± 1.4* 56.0 ± 3.2
ALT (U/L) 22.5 ± 3.3 18.9 ± 1.3 29.6 ± 2.2* 40.1 ± 1.7* 51.8 ± 3.7*
AST/ALT5 1.13 ± 0.09a 1.05 ± 0.09a 0.65 ± 0.02bc 0.49 ± 0.02c 0.04 ± 0.03c
  1. Ctrl: Control group, Fen: Fenugreek group. 1EER (mg/kJ) = Body weight gain (mg)/Total food intake (kJ). 2EWAT: Epididymal white adipose tissue. 3TG: Triglyceride. 4TC: Total cholesterol. 5The relative values for Normal rats' data; AST/ALT = AST (U/L)/ALT (U/L)/Normal rats' data. 6FRB contains 82% of protodioscin converted to dioscin. Values are expressed as Mean ± SEM for 8 rats. Mean without a common superscript letter is significantly different, P < 0.05 (ANOVA). Asterisks indicate a difference from Ctrl: P < 0.05 (T-test).