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Table 4 Effect of fenugreek on the body weight, energy intake, tissue weights and plasma parameters of experiment 2

From: Fenugreek with reduced bitterness prevents diet-induced metabolic disorders in rats

  Ctrl Fen FRB6
0.12% 0.24% 1.2%
Total energy intake (kJ) 34,686 ± 363 35,076 ± 184 35,332 ± 42* 35,119 ± 196* 35,319 ± 40
Final body weight (g) 757 ± 21ab 792 ± 13a 789 ± 18ab 773 ± 16ab 717 ± 14b
EER1 (mg/kJ) 1.54 ± 0.32 2.86 ± 0.31 2.51 ± 0.46 2.38 ± 0.21 0.39 ± 0.52*
Liver weight (g) 21.3 ± 0.9 21.3 ± 1.1 21.6 ± 0.7 21.8 ± 1.4 19.3 ± 0.6
EWAT2 weight (g) 21.0 ± 0.6 23.6 ± 1.4 22.7 ± 1.6 20.3 ± 1.2 15.7 ± 1.5*
Soleuse weight (g) 0.40 ± 0.02 0.44 ± 0.02 0.51 ± 0.08 0.51 ± 0.07 0.54 ± 0.06*
Plasma TG3 (mmol/L) 1.34 ± 0.24 1.73 ± 0.36 1.49 ± 0.34 1.43 ± 0.37 1.27 ± 0.26
Plasma TC4 (mmol/L) 1.95 ± 0.11 1.80 ± 0.05 1.81 ± 0.12 1.76 ± 0.15 1.60 ± 0.09*
AST (U/L) 58.8 ± 4.1 56.5 ± 3.5 52.0 ± 2.9 57.0 ± 4.5 52.4 ± 1.4
ALT (U/L) 19.6 ± 2.0 21.1 ± 2.5 18.3 ± 1.8 20.3 ± 3.5 25.0 ± 4.0
AST/ALT5 1.29 ± 0.18 1.13 ± 0.07 1.18 ± 0.08 1.29 ± 0.21 0.95 ± 0.11
  1. Ctrl: Control group, Fen: Fenugreek group. 1EER (mg/kJ) = Body weight gain (mg)/Total food intake (kJ). 2EWAT: Epididymal white adipose tissue. 3TG: Triglyceride. 4TC: Total cholesterol. 5The relative values for Normal rats' data; AST/ALT = AST (U/L)/ALT (U/L)/Normal rats' data. 6FRB contains 96% of protodioscin converted to dioscin. Values are expressed as Mean ± SEM for 7–8 rats. Mean without a common superscript letter is significantly different, P < 0.05 (ANOVA). Asterisks indicate a difference from Ctrl: P < 0.05 (t-test).