Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Fasting plasma lipoprotein particle profile in CON, EX-DEF and EX-BAL

From: Lipoprotein particle distribution and skeletal muscle lipoprotein lipase activity after acute exercise

  CON EX-DEF EX-BAL
□ Total triglyceride (mg/dL) 83.9 ± 12.6 56.5 ± 6.9 * 77.1 ± 5.2**
VLDL TG mass (mg/dl)    
□ Total VLDL-TG 66.6 ± 9.2 47.8 ± 5.6 58.9 ± 3.8
□ Large VLDL-TG (55–260 nm) 39.3 ± 8.2 24.8 ± 3.6 * 35.3 ± 2.8**
□ Large VLDL-TG (70–120 nm) 29.3 ± 7.4 15.5 ± 3.3 * 25.6 ± 2.6**
□ Medium VLDL-TG 10.5 ± 1.0 5.2 ± 2.3 * 5.6 ± 1.3 *
□ Small VLDL-TG 16.8 ± 1.4 17.8 ± 1.6 18.1 ± 2.4
VLDL particle concentration (nmol/L)    
□ Total VLDL 41.3 ± 3.4 37.9 ± 3.5 40.5 ± 3.5
□ Large VLDL (55–260 nm) 4.1 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.5* 3.5 ± 0.4**
□ Medium VLDL 7.5 ± 0.7 3.7 ± 1.6* 4.0 ± 0.9*
□ Small VLDL 29.7 ± 2.4 32.0 ± 3.1 33.0 ± 3.6
LDL particle concentration (nmol/L)    
Total LDL 698 ± 64 702 ± 49 682 ± 56
Large LDL 205 ± 53 235 ± 69 175 ± 38
All Small LDL 299 ± 37 297 ± 49 312 ± 15
IDL 194 ± 24 170 ± 19 195 ± 27
HDL particle concentration (μmol/L)    
Total HDL 23.9 ± 0.9 24.3 ± 1.4 23.9 ± 1.1
Large HDL 2.2 ± 0.2 2.5 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.31
Medium HDL 7.4 ± 0.8 7.7 ± 1.1 6.9 ± 0.97
Small HDL 14.3 ± 0.5 14.0 ± 0.8 14.9 ± 1.1
Mean Particle Size (nm)    
□ VLDL 51.8 ± 1.8 46.0 ± 1.9* 50.9 ± 1.5**
LDL 20.8 ± 0.2 20.7 ± 0.2 20.7 ± 0.1
HDL 9.0 ± 0.1 9.1 ± 0.1 9.0 ± 0.2
  1. Values are mean ± SEM; n = 8. CON, non-exercised control condition. EX-DEF, morning after prolonged exercise without carbohydrate replacement and thus during carbohydrate deficit; EX-BAL, morning after prolonged exercise with sufficient carbohydrate replacement to restore carbohydrate and energy balance following exercise. Large, medium and small VLDL are defined as 55 – 260 nm, 43 – 55 nm and 29 – 43 nm diameters respectively with data also presented for 70 – 120 nm range (subset of large). IDL, large LDL and small LDL are defined as 23 – 27 nm, 21.2 – 23 nm and 18 – 21.2 nm diameters, respectively. Large HDL, medium HDL and small HDL are defined as 8.8 - 13 nm, 8.2 – 8.8 nm and 7.3 – 8.2 nm diameters respectively. Differences assessed using one-way repeated measures ANOVA followed by LSD post-hoc. *p < 0.05 vs CON; **p < 0.05 compared to EX-DEF; □ data log-transformed prior to statistical analysis.