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Table 1 Chemical composition of leaf essential oil of Pelargonium graveolens L’Hér

From: Hypoglycemic and antioxidant effects of leaf essential oil of Pelargonium graveolens L’Hér. in alloxan induced diabetic rats

Composant RT KIa %
1 α-pinene 8.870 930 0.66
2 β-myrcene 10.633 997 0.18
3 phellandrene 10.010 1007 0.09
4 β-phellandrene 11.766 1023 0.21
5 cis-ocimene 12.063 1030 0.16
6 β-ocimene 12.378 1037 0.13
7 linalool l 14.003 1073 3.80
8 rose oxide-trans 14.772 1079 0.54
9 l-menthone 15.908 1141 4.13
10 3-p-menthanol 16.418 1186 0.14
11 α-terpineol 16.646 1197 0.24
12 β-citronellol 17.894 1237 16.24
13 z-citral 18.106 1244 0.71
14 nerol 18.495 1259 3.08
15 geraniol 18.706 1266 15.30
16 e-citral 18.981 1277 0.84
17 citronellyl formate 19.113 1282 7.39
18 geraniol formate 19.834 1309 6.47
19 propanoic acid 21.087 1357 0.39
20 lavandulyl acetate 21.893 1388 0.76
21 β-bourbonene 22.014 1393 1.01
22 trans-caryophyllene 22.912 1427 1.63
23 β-cubebene 23.129 1434 0.64
24 citronellyl propionate 23.393 1444 0.14
25 azulene 23.473 1449 0.40
26 α-cubebene 23.662 1458 0.96
27 α-humulene 23.759 1460 0.51
28 aromadendrene 23.942 1467 0.68
29 germacrene-d 24.457 1486 2.87
30 β-selinene 24.577 1492 0.17
31 β-cuvebene 24.709 1496 0.32
32 ledene 24.806 1500 3.10
33 α-muurolene 24.880 1504 0.18
34 elemol 25.029 1510 0.40
35 α-amorphene 25.229 1519 0.29
36 δ-cadinene 25.447 1528 1.36
37 epizonaren 25.504 1530 0.24
38 α-gurjunene 25.790 1545 0.55
39 α-agarofuran 26.030 1553 0.57
40 neryl acetate 26.236 1563 1.06
41 phenylethyl tiglate 26.894 1591 2.07
42 δ-selinene 27.816 1631 8.69
43 agarospirol 28.090 1643 0.46
44 isoledene 28.474 1660 1.18
45 propanoate 28.657 1667 0.43
46 geranyl tiglate 29.475 1703 3.05
47 mintsulfide 30.373 1746 1.81
  Total 96.23
  Monoterpenes hydrocarbons 1.43
  Oxygenated monoterpenes 65.96
  Sesquiterpenes hydrocarbons 24.54
  Oxygenated sesquiterpenes 0.86
  Other compounds 3.44
  1. a KI, retention index (Kovalts) relative to n-alkanes (C9–C26) on a polar DB-5 MS column.