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Table 3 Effect of feeding soybean oil, low CLA ghee and high CLA ghee diets on the lipid profile in Rats

From: High conjugated linoleic acid enriched ghee (clarified butter) increases the antioxidant and antiatherogenic potency in female Wistar rats

Parameters studied Soybean oil diet Low CLA ghee diet High CLA ghee diet
Average feed intake (gram/day/animal) 23.03 ± 2.41 22.75 ± 2.53 22.78 ± 2.53
Body weight (gram)
0th dayNS 131.13 ± 4.70 125.00 ± 2.85 128.57 ± 3.45
120 daysNS 263.33 ± 4.81 265.00 ± 6.67 262.12 ± 4.21
Plasma total cholesterol (mg/dL)
0th dayNS 58.09 ± 1.24 57.68 ± 2.11 58.82 ± 1.99
120 daysNS 81.33a ± 2.91 74.40b ± 1.68 69.93c ± 1.44
Plasma HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)
0th dayNS 34.72 ± 0.78 35.65 ± 1.15 34.60 ± 1.10
120 daysNS 35.51a ± 0.91 41.84b ± 0.54 47.32c ± 0.96
Plasma triglycerides (mg/dL)
0th dayNS 40.87 ± 0.77 41.41 ± 0.88 40.44 ± 0.75
120 daysNS 73.23a ± 1.08 65.01b ± 1.16 56.21c ± 0.42
Plasma LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)
0th dayNS 14.26 ± 1.72 14.67 ± 2.38 13.84 ± 2.10
120 daysNS 26.79a ± 3.53 19.57b ± 1.86 14.38c ± 1.62
Atherogenic Index
0th dayNS 0.410 ± 0.06 0.430 ± 0.08 0.472 ± 0.07
120 daysNS 0.971a ± 0.12 0.570b ± 0.05 0.244c ± 0.04
  1. Values are Mean ± SE for n = 8.
  2. Values in rows/columns with different superscript differ significantly (P < 0.01),*(P < 0.05).