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Table 5 Physical characteristics and current medications of the Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) and control groups

From: Lipoprotein metabolism in patients with type 1 diabetes under intensive insulin treatment

  T1DM group (n=15) Control group (n=16) P value
Age (years) 26.4 ± 7.0 28.4 ± 6.0 0.40
Age of diabetes diagnosis (years) 12.2 ± 7.2 - -
Duration of diabetes (years) 15.7 ± 7.9 - -
Body mass index (Kg/m2) 23.2 ± 2.3 25.7 ± 3.6 0.04
Waist circumference (cm) 84.3 ± 8.3 90.5 ± 9.4 0.09
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.83 ± 0.04 0.82 ± 0.05 0.80
Current smoking (%) 0 25 0.09
Arterial hypertension (%) 2 0 0.23
Insulin therapy schemes    
  Insulin dose (U · day– 1) 48.7 ± 13.8 - -
  Insulin dose (U · kg– 1 · day– 1) 0.69 ± 0.15 - -
  Insulin injections/day 3.53 ± 0.748 - -
  Insulin correction bolus (%) 60 - -
Carbohydrate counting (%) 40 - -
  1. Data are means ± SD.