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Table 1 Effects of acetic acid or pomegranate vinegar supplementation on the body weight gain, calorie intake, fat weight, and lipid profile in plasma and liver in Sprague Dawley rats fed a high fat diet for 16 weeks

From: Pomegranate vinegar attenuates adiposity in obese rats through coordinated control of AMPK signaling in the liver and adipose tissue

  HF AL AH VL VH
Body weight gain (g/16 weeks) 268.6 ± 10.6a 247.2 ± 10.3ab 230.5 ± 5.1b 235.3 ± 12.8b 259.6 ± 12.3ab
Calorie intake (kcal/day) 107.8 ± 2.2 104.1 ± 3.1 107.4 ± 1.5 104.1 ± 3.1 106.2 ± 1.8
WAT mass (g/100 g BW)      
Epididymal WAT 3.4 ± 0.1a 3.4 ± 0.0ab 3.3 ± 0.0ab 3.0 ± 0.1b 3.2 ± 0.1ab
Perirenal WAT 4.8 ± 0.2a 4.5 ± 0.1ab 4.3 ± 0.1b 4.3 ± 0.1b 4.4 ± 0.1ab
Plasma TG (mg/dL) 186.6 ± 8.9a 155.5 ± 10.8b 152.7 ± 8.1b 154.6 ± 10.4b 164.6 ± 10.1b
Plasma leptin (ng/mL) 10.2 ± 0.5 10.20 ± 0.9 9.9 ± 0.4 8.5 ± 0.4 9.84 ± 0.6
Hepatic TG (mg/g liver) 36.7 ± 4.5a 30.8 ± 3.0ab 30.0 ± 4.7ab 23.8 ± 1.9b 28.4 ± 3.1ab
  1. Mean ± SEM (n = 10 per group). abMeans not sharing common letters are significantly different between groups at p < 0.05 by Duncan’s multiple range tests. BW, body weight; WAT, white adipose tissue; TG, triglycerides; HF, high fat diet; AL, high fat with HF, high fat diet; AL, HF with low-dose acetic acid; AH, HF with high-dose acetic acid; VL, HF with low-dose PV; VH, HF with high-dose PV.