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Table 3 Liver polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations of SHRs fed diets for 4 weeks §

From: Diets containing traditional and novel green leafy vegetables improve liver fatty acid profiles of spontaneously hypertensive rats

   Dietary group
Fatty acid Structure Control 4% CG 4% PL 4% SPG
Linolelaidic C18:2n6t 0.49 ± 0.19a 0.09 ± 0.01a 0.17 ± 0.05a 0.32 ± 0.27a
Linoleic C18:2n6c 14.07 ± 0.68a 16.44 ± 0.01a 16.45 ± 2.78a 16.56 ± 2.82a
α-Linolenic C18:3n3 0.10 ± 0.01a 0.10 ± 0.02a 0.10 ± 0.01a 0.07 ± 0.02a
γ-Linolenic C18:3n6 0.93 ± 0.49a 3.70 ± 0.18b 5.59 ± 0.73b 3.55 ± 1.20b
Eicosadienoic C20:2n6 0.34 ± 0.04a 0.27 ± 0.06a 0.39 ± 0.09a 0.23 ± 0.04a
Eicosatrienoic C20:3n3 0.09 ± 0.02a 0.27 ± 0.14a 0.18 ± 0.10a 0.26 ± 0.15a
Dihomo-γ-linolenic C20:3n6 0.32 ± 0.02a 0.31 ± 0.04a 0.44 ± 0.03b 0.37 ± 0.02ab
Arachidonic C20:4n6 20.39 ± 1.27a 14.15 ± 3.44a 15.80 ± 3.16a 18.51 ± 3.58a
Eicosapentaenoic C20:5n3 0.10 ± 0.02a 0.10 ± 0.01a 0.19 ± 0.06a 0.10 ± 0.01a
Docosadienoic C22:2n6 0.03 ± 0.02a 4.09 ± 4.04a 0.09 ± 0.04a 0.07 ± 0.04a
Docosatrienoic C22:3n3 1.01 ± 0.07a 0.76 ± 0.09ab 0.60 ± 0.11b 0.87 ± 0.11ab
Docosatatraenoic C22:4n6 0.68 ± 0.04a 0.64 ± 0.08a 0.78 ± 0.11a 0.85 ± 0.10a
Docosapentaenoic C22:5n3 1.95 ± 0.42a 2.98 ± 0.73a 2.34 ± 0.34a 1.72 ± 0.19a
Docosahexaenoic C22:6n3 5.16 ± 0.35a 8.31 ± 1.27b 8.44 ± 1.02b 8.53 ± 0.63b
  1. §Data are (expressed as) mean percentage ± SE. Values in the same row that do not share the same superscript letter are significantly different according to analysis of variance and Duncan’s post hoc procedures (P < .05); nd = not detected. Control = AIN-76 A control diet; 4% CG = AIN-76A diet + 4% collard green powder; 4% purslane = AIN-76A diet + 4% purslane powder; 4% SPG = AIN-76A diet + 4% sweet potato green powder.
  2. Values in rows with multiple superscript letters (e.g. ab) are not significantly different from other values containing the shared superscript letter (e.g. a or b).