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Table 4 Total liver fatty acid concentrations and ratios of SHRs fed diets for 4 weeks §

From: Diets containing traditional and novel green leafy vegetables improve liver fatty acid profiles of spontaneously hypertensive rats

  Dietary group
Fatty acid Control 4% CG 4% PL 4% SPG
Saturated 39.68 ± 1.51a 33.99 ± 7.63a 32.57 ± 5.91a 33.16 ± 5.64a
Unsaturated 62.18 ± 1.22a 67.64 ± 7.52a 67.84 ± 5.81a 68.97 ± 5.03a
Monounsaturated 18.25 ± 1.51a 20.22 ± 4.58a 22.14 ± 5.09a 20.17 ± 4.43a
Polyunsaturated 43.92 ± 1.51a 47.42 ± 6.27a 45.70 ± 1.89a 48.80 ± 1.04a
Omega-3 fatty acids 5.27 ± 0.34a 7.88 ± 1.16ab 7.67 ± 1.38ab 8.62 ± 0.64b
Omega-6 fatty acids 34.47 ± 1.47a 32.25 ± 2.15a 30.59 ± 3.06a 35.07 ± 1.05a
Omega-6/3 ratio 6.68 ± 0.23a 9.05 ± 4.97a 8.17 ± 4.87a 4.31 ± 0.33a
LA/ALA ratio 14.13 ± 1.51a 11.95 ±1.89a 12.17 ± 1.89a 17.48 ± 3.44a
EPA + DHA 5.20 ± 0.34a 7.82 ± 1.17ab 7.62 ± 1.38ab 8.59 ± 0.65b
  1. §Data are (expressed as) mean percentage ± SE. Values in the same row that do not share the same superscript letter are significantly different according to analysis of variance and Duncan’s post hoc procedures (P < .05); nd = not detected. Control = AIN-76 A control diet; 4% CG = AIN-76A diet + 4% collard green powder; 4% purslane = AIN-76A diet + 4% purslane powder; 4% SPG = AIN-76A diet + 4% sweet potato green powder.
  2. Saturated = sum of saturated fatty acids; unsaturated = sum monounsaturated fatty acids + sum polyunsaturated fatty acids); monounsaturated = sum of monounsaturated fatty acids; polyunsaturated = sum of polyunsaturated fatty acids; omega-3 fatty acids = sum of C18:3n3, C20:5n3 and C22:5n3; omega-6 fatty acids = sum of C18:2n6 and C20:4n6; omega-6/3 ratio = omega-6/omega-3 fatty acids; LA/ALA ratio = C18:2n6 (linoleic acid, LA)/C18:3n3 (α-linolenic acid, ALA); EPA + DHA = sum of C20:5n3 (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA) and C22:6n3 (docosahexaenoic acid, DHA).
  3. Values in rows with multiple superscript letters (e.g. ab) are not significantly different from other values containing the shared superscript letter (e.g. a or b).