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Table 1 Characteristic of adolescents and food intake, according to BMI

From: Influence of obesity and cardiometabolic makers on lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity in adolescents: the healthy young cross-sectional study

  HW (n = 77) OV (n = 82) OB (n = 83) P
Boys, n (%) 26 (35.7) 37 (52.6) 31 (44.4) 0.320
Girls, n (%) 51 (64.3) 45 (47.4) 52 (55.6)  
Age, year 14.4 (2.2) 13.3 (1.9)* 14.2 (2.6)** 0.006
Sexual Maturation     0.710
Pre-pubertal 4 (5) 7 (9) 6 (7)  
Pubertal 73 (95) 75 (92) 77 (93)  
BMI, kg/m 2 20.3 (2.1) 25.0 (1.9)* 32.4 (5.9)*.** <0.001
WC, cm 69 (5.8) 80.7 (5.7)* 98 (16.5)*.** <0.001
Fat mass,% 19.4 (7.9) 24.5 (6.6)* 32.2 (6.9)*.** <0.001
Lean mass,% 76.1 (13.9) 71.3 (9.8)* 67.0 (7.5)*.** <0.001
Food intake     
Energy, kcal 1522 (471) 1446 (438) 1563 (521) 0.620
Carbohydrates, g 211 (20) 212 (19) 207 (27) 0.706
Proteins, g 64 (11) 64 (10) 66 (15) 0.719
Fat, g 50 (8) 51 (6) 51 (7) 0.313
SFA, g 17.7 (3.1) 17.4 (2.8) 17.7 (3.3) 0.480
PUFA, g 8.5 (2.0) 9.2 (2.0) 9.0 (2.7) 0.213
MUFA, g 17.3 (2.8) 17.9 (2.8) 17.7 (3.3) 0.159
Oleic acid, g 9.2 (2.2) 9.9 (1.7) 10.7 (2.8) 0.050
Linoleic acid, g 3.9 (1.0) 4.2 (1.0) 4.0 (1.0) 0.142
Linolenic acid, g 0.4 (0.1) 0.5 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) 0.079
Fiber, g 11.1 (2.8) 10.7 (2.3) 10.7 (2.8) 0.948
  1. HW, healthy weight; OV, overweight; OB, obese; BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; SFA, saturated fat acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fat acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fat acid.
  2. Continuous variables were described as mean (standard deviation).
  3. Categorical variables were described as sample (n) and percentage (%).
  4. *P < 0.05 vs HW group. **P < 0.05 vs OV group.