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Table 1 Characteristics by ethnic group

From: Ethnic variation in the activity of lipid desaturases and their relationships with cardiovascular risk factors in control women and an at-risk group with previous gestational diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

  White European n = 89 African Caribbean n = 53 Asian Indian n = 56 ANOVA p
Age 38 (34,41) 36 (32,38) * 34 (31,38) § 0.002
pGDM (%) 42 45 50 0.6
BMI 23.0 (21.2,27.2) 28.8 (25.3,32.6) § 24.9 (22.7,28.4) <0.001
Waist Circumference 0.76 (0.71,0.86) 0.89 (0.80,0.98) 0.81 (0.74,0.89) 0.004
Waist Hip Ratio 0.78 (0.74,0.82) 0.82 (0.76,0.86) 0.80 (0.76,0.87) 0.1
Systolic BP (mmHg) 113.7 (14.6) 120.1 (15.5) 110.8 (13.6) 0.009
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 70.2 (9.4) 78.7 (19.0) 70.5 (9.7) 0.001
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.5 (4.1,5.0) 4.5 (4.0,5.2) 5.0 (4.3,5.4) 0.1
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.80 (0.65,1.19) 0.79 (0.65,1.01) 1.22 (0.82,1.81) § <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.28 (1.09,1.43) 1.22 (1.04,1.50) 1.01 (0.86,1.24) § <0.001
Glucose (mmol/l) 4.8 (4.6,5.2) 4.8 (4.6,5.2) 5.0 (4.6,5.4) 0.8
HOMA-IS 78 (41,145) 45 (18,73) * 68 (33,206) 0.02
  1. Medians and interquartile ranges or percentages are shown (or, for blood pressures, mean and standard deviation). Significant differences relative to white Europeans were derived post-hoc for variables showing significant ANOVA between group variation.
  2. Significant differences relative to white Europeans: * p < 0.05; p < 0.01; § p < 0.001.