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Table 4 The fatty acid composition of the plasma phospholipids of the mothers and their newborns

From: Docosahexaenoic acid in maternal and neonatal plasma phospholipids and milk lipids of Taiwanese women in Kinmen: fatty acid composition of maternal blood, neonatal blood and breast milk

Fatty acid Common name   Mean ± SD   P value
   Mothers (n = 42) Newborns (n = 42)  
14:0 Myristic 0.46 (0.28) 0.32 (0.12) 0.003
15:0 Pentadecanoic 0.18 (0.05) 0.19 (0.07) NS
16:0 Palmitic 31.8 (1.61) 31.0 (1.30) 0.017
16:1n-7 Palmitoleic 0.74 (0.34) 0.99 (0.39) 0.003
18:0 Stearic 9.57 (2.03) 12.0 (2.91) < 0.001
18:1n-9 Oleic 7.75 (1.48) 7.07 (1.03) 0.017
18:1n-7 Vaccenic 1.35 (0.20) 2.48 (0.33) < 0.001
18:2n-6 Linoleic (LA) 27.7 (3.18) 11.3 (2.97) < 0.001
18:3n-6 γ-linolenic 0.09 (0.04) 0.20 (0.14) < 0.001
18:3n-3 α-linolenic (ALA) 0.33 (0.12) 0.17 (0.10) < 0.001
20:0 Arachidic 0.11 (0.06) 0.14 (0.05) 0.004
20:2n-6 Eicosadienoic 0.45 (0.33) 0.48 (0.68) NS
20:3n-6 Dihomo-γ-linolenic 2.87 (0.75) 5.47 (0.81) < 0.001
20:4n-6 Arachidonic (AA) 9.99 (1.97) 19.7 (2.55) < 0.001
20:5n-3 Eicosapentaenoic (EPA) 0.60 (0.34) 0.40 (0.22) 0.003
22:4n-6 Adrenic 0.36 (0.13) 0.75 (0.52) < 0.001
22:5n-3 Docosapentaenoic 0.63 (0.19) 0.74 (0.72) NS
22:6n-3 Ddocosahexaenoic (DHA) 5.16 (1.21) 6.36 (1.81) 0.001