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Table 3 Characteristics of the emulsions prepared with three N-3 FA sources

From: Effect of Echium oil compared with marine oils on lipid profile and inhibition of hepatic steatosis in LDLr knockout mice

  Emulsions
Characteristics1 Fish Algae Echium
Emulsion volume (μL/d) 240 190 270
Oil in the emulsion (%) 1 1 10
Oil supplementation (μL/d) 2.4 1.9 27.0
Oil supplementation (mg/d) 2.2 1.8 25.1
C20:5 – (EPA) eicosapenatenoic (n-3) (mg/d) 0.44 - -
C22:6 – (DHA) docosaexaenoic (n-3) (mg/d) 0.25 0.77 -
C18:4 – (SDA) stearidonic (n-3) (mg/d) 0.07 - 2.792
C18:3 – (ALA) linolenic (n-3) (mg/d) 0.01 - 6.71
C22:5 – (DPA) docosapentaenoic (n-3) (mg/d) 0.05 0.01 -
N-6 FA from gavage (mg/d) 0.07 0.02 10.20
N-3 FA from gavage (mg/d) 0.82 0.78 9.501
N-6 FA from diet (mg/d) 80.07 80.02 80.00
N-3 FA from diet (mg/d) 4.00 4.00 4.00
Total N-6 FA (mg/d) 80.07 80.02 90.20
Total N-3 FA (mg/d) 4.82 4.78 13.50
N-6/N-3 FA ratio 16.6 16.7 6.7
  1. 1 Supplementation is expressed as mg/d/animal.
  2. 2 Assumed no conversion from ALA to EPA and equivalence from SDA to EPA of 25%, according to Whelan [16], resulting in about 0.70 mg/d.