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Table 5 Major fatty acids composition in liver homogenate (g/100 g Total FA) observed in the supplemented groups

From: Effect of Echium oil compared with marine oils on lipid profile and inhibition of hepatic steatosis in LDLr knockout mice

Fatty acids CON FIS ALG ECH P1
C14:0 – myristic acid 0.47 ± 0.08 0.46 ± 0.06 0.50 ± 0.08 0.41 ± 0.08 0.079
C16:0 – palmitic acid 26.37 ± 1.96 28.73 ± 4.15 27.60 ± 3.20 29.99 ± 3.91 0.163
C18:0 – stearic acid 12.11 ± 3.85 13.43 ± 4.98 10.50 ± 2.74 15.61 ± 6.43 0.107
C18:1- oleic acid 27.09 ± 6.25 26.4 ± 6.33 29.5 ± 4.87 22.15 ± 7.34 0.074
C18:2 – (LNA) linoleic (n-6) 12.87 ± 3.22 11.40 ± 4.82 12. 53 ±5.81 10.07 ± 4.64 0.584
C18:3 – (ALA) α-linolenic (n-3) 0.15 ± 0.13 0.14 ± 0.14 0.19 ± 0.12 0.26 ± 0.22 0.744
C18:3 – (GLA) γ-linolenic (n-6) 0.30 ± 0.05 0.35 ± 0.15 0.31 ± 0.11 0.34 ± 0.09 0.396
C20:4- (ARA) arachidonic (n-6) 6.69 ± 1.85 5.31 ± 1.46 4.80 ± 1.26 4.55 ± 1.22 0.060
C20:5 – (EPA) eicosapenatenoic (n-3) 0.12 ± 0.04a 0.17 ± 0.06ab 0.1 1± 0.05a 0.25 ± 0.04b 0.004
C22:6 –(DHA) docosahexaenoic (n-3) 2.98 ± 0.75 2.92 ± 0.96 2.8 1± 0.88 2.76 ± 0.92 0.951
N-6 FA 19. 86 ± 3.56b 17.06 ± 5.78ab 17.64 ± 6.61ab 14.97 ± 5.81a 0.017
N-3 FA 3.25 ± 0.70 3.23 ± 0.98 3.12 ± 0.95 3.27 ± 0.96 0.982
N-6/N-3 FA 6.11 ± 1.46a 5.27 ± 1.08a 5.65 ± 1.54a 4.58 ± 1.41b <0.001
  1. 1 Probability value obtained by ANOVA. Values followed by the same letter are not significantly different at the 0.05; a, b: p < 0.05 (n 6–10 animals/group).