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Table 2 Effect of different diets on parameters of metabolic syndrome at 4 weeks

From: Fiber-free white flour with fructose offers a better model of metabolic syndrome

Parameters of metabolic syndrome Whole wheat flour diet Refined wheat flour diet Fructose and whole wheat flour diet Fructose and refined wheat flour diet
BP (mmHg) 136 ± 3.78ab 125 ± 2.65ab 154 ± 3.78c 145 ± 4.54ac
FBS (mg/dl) 95 ± 8.02a 100 ± 12.05a 121 ± 10.9ab 156 ± 10.1b
Chol (mg/dl) 69 ± 5.28a 69 ± 5.97a 67 ± 3.98a 60 ± 2.57a
TGL (mg/dl) 38 ± 2.40a 36 ± 3.87a 38 ± 2.17a 41 ± 3.97a
LDL (mg/dl) 13 ± 1.77a 12 ± 1.91a 16 ± 1.69a 12 ± 1.52a
HDL (mg/dl) 54 ± 4.89a 48 ± 4.57a 60 ± 3.2ab 40 ± 3.39ac
CRP (mg/dl) 0.17 ± 0.018a 0.20 ± 0.014a 0.14 ± 0.01a 0.15 ± 0.01a
Insulin (ng/dl) 3.2 ± 0.54a 4.9 ± 0.84a 2.6 ± 0.49a 14.8 ± 1.87b
  1. Blood pressure (BP), Fasting blood sugar (FBS), Total cholesterol (Chol), Triglycerides (TGL), Low density lipoproteins (LDL), High density lipoproteins (HDL), C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum insulin expressed as Means ± SEM.
  2. abc Within rows, between control and treated animals, means with different superscript letters differ significantly (p < 0.05).