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Table 6 Change of food intake

From: Compared with the intake of commercial vegetable juice, the intake of fresh fruit and komatsuna (Brassica rapa L. var. perviridis) juice mixture reduces serum cholesterol in middle-aged men: a randomized controlled pilot study

  Control group (n = 8)   Intervention group (n = 8)  
Baseline After 4 weeks   Baseline After 4 weeks  
Mean ± S.D. Mean ± S.D. p Mean ± S.D. Mean ± S.D p
Cereals (g) 459.1 ± 125.5 490.8 ± 190.9 0.735 456.9 ± 102.6 428.8 ± 129.7 0.310
Potatoes (g) 53.2 ± 38.6 47.0 ± 23.2 0.600 52.3 ± 46.0 48.4 ± 16.3 0.600
Nuts and pulses (g) 87.0 ± 57.8 72.1 ± 57.3 0.237 79.3 ± 34.8 73.4 ± 37.9 0.600
Total vegetables (g) 246.0 ± 149.0 324.6 ± 121.3 0.012* 280.7 ± 168.3 396.9 ± 121.5 0.012*
Green and yellow vegetables (g) 105.5 ± 71.8 177.8 ± 60.4 0.012* 108.1 ± 78.5 225.2 ± 54.6 0.012*
Other vegetables (g) 140.6 ± 78.9 146.8 ± 74.8 0.484 172.6 ± 95.1 171.7 ± 68.9 0.674
Fruits (g) 70.1 ± 63.0 438.3 ± 181.3 0.017* 106.2 ± 91.8 524.0 ± 44.2 0.012*
Fish and shellfish (g) 75.4 ± 56.9 74.9 ± 53.5 0.866 71.1 ± 31.5 75.3 ± 31.5 0.674
Meat (g) 65.6 ± 30.3 82.6 ± 44.5 0.263 77.8 ± 29.1 72.5 ± 27.1 0.398
Eggs (g) 51.5 ± 32.0 53.2 ± 27.5 0.798 41.7 ± 24.7 48.6 ± 26.7 0.310
Dairy products (g) 191.8 ± 103.1 156.4 ± 129.0 0.176 174.7 ± 82.8 150.4 ± 55.0 0.176
Fat and oil (g) 10.4 ± 6.5 10.3 ± 6.0 0.735 14.6 ± 5.3 12.9 ± 4.3 0.575
Confectionery (g) 28.8 ± 23.0 20.1 ± 17.7 0.263 73.6 ± 42.1 64.7 ± 34.0 0.463
Beverage preference (g) 621.4 ± 325.3 508.8 ± 337.3 0.069 850.0 ± 406.0 790.7 ± 281.9 0.401
  1. Data shows mean ± S.D.
  2. Baseline vs After 4 weeks, Wilcoxon signed rank test, *p < 0.05.