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Table 1 Distribution of risk factors in men and women

From: Clinical usefulness of lipid ratios to identify men and women with metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study

  Men 380 Women 417 p value
Age (years) 46.8 ± 8.7 47.5 ± 8.9 0.241
Ethnicity    0.704
Aboriginal 81 (21.3%) 98 (23.5%)  
Chinese 100 (26.3%) 118 (28.3%)  
European 97 (25.5%) 99 (23.7%)  
South Asian 102 (26.8%) 102 (24.5%)  
Current smokers 44 (11.6%) 35 (8.4%) 0.133
Current consumers of alcohol 128 (33.7%) 98 (23.5%) 0.001
Physical activity (min/week) 226 (100, 447) 208 (95, 424) 0.269
Family history of cardiovascular disease 168 (44.2%) 187 (44.8%) 0.857
Waist circumference (cm) 92.6 ± 11.2 85.1 ± 12.2 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.6 ± 4.3 27.3 ± 5.3 0.498
TC (mmol/L) 5.25 ± 0.97 5.23 ± 1.03 0.776
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.13 ± 0.29 1.43 ± 0.35 <0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.30 ± 0.85 3.17 ± 0.92 0.046
TC/HDL-C 4.91 ± 1.46 3.86 ± 1.23 <0.001
LDL/HDL-C 3.07 ± 1.01 2.35 ± 0.91 <0.001
nonHDL-C 4.12 ± 0.99 3.80 ± 1.05 <0.001
nonHDL-C/HDL-C 3.81 (2.93, 4.63) 2.68 (2.01, 3.45) <0.001
TG 1.48 (0.99, 2.22) 1.17 (0.83, 1.63) <0.001
TG/HDL-C 1.34 (0.82, 2.24) 0.86 (0.54, 1.22) <0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg) 117 (110, 124) 115 (106, 126) 0.025
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 79.2 ± 9.7 75.5 ± 9.2 <0.001
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.30 (5.00, 5.60) 5.10 (4.80, 5.40) <0.001
With MetSy 119 (31.3%) 104 (24.9%) 0.045
Number of MetSy components 1.84 ± 1.40 1.63 ± 1.22 0.026
  1. Categorical variables presented as n (%), and sex differences were explored using Chi-square test. Continuous variables presented as mean ± SD if normally distributed or median (25%, 75%) if skewed. Sex differences explored using t-test and Mann U Whitney test for normally distributed and skewed data, respectively. TC – total cholesterol, HDL-C – high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C – low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TC/HDL-C – ratio of TC and HDL-C, TG – triglycerides, TG/HDL-C – ratio of TG and HDL-C, nonHDL-C/HDL – ratio of nonHDL-C and HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C – ratio of LDL-C and HDL-C, MetSy – metabolic syndrome.