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Table 1 Nutrient and caloric composition of the dietary intervention programs

From: Favourable effects of consuming a Palaeolithic-type diet on characteristics of the metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot-study

Nutrient Palaeolithica Referencea RDAb
En% En% En%
Energy (kJ) 8 703 8 690   8 374
  Protein (en%),(g) 24 123 17 91 10-25  
  vegetable protein (g) 22 39 none
  animal protein (g) 101 52 none
  Carbohydrate (en%),(g) 32 164 50 261 40-70  
  mono/disaccharides (g) 132 109 none
  Fat (en%),(g) 41 94 29 68 20-40  
  saturated (en%),(g) 10 24 9 21 <10  
  monounsaturated (g) 44 26.5 none
  polyunsaturated (g) 19 14.6 none
  linoleic acid (g) 14 11 4-6
  EPA (mg) 640 210 EPA + DHA: 450
  DHA (mg) 950 360 EPA + DHA: 450
  Fibre (en%),(g) 3 34 2.7 28 30-40  
Sodium (mg) 2 194 2 121 <2 400
Potassium (mg) 5 859 3 932 4 700
Calcium (mg) 575 1 181 1 000
Magnesium (mg) 494 415 250-300
Iron (mg) 16.4 12.6 8-15
Selenium (mg) 110 50 50-150
Zinc (mg) 13.6 12.0 9-10
Phosphorus (mg) 1 661 1 729 700-1 400
Copper (mg) 2.0 1.4 1.5-3.5
Iodine (mcg) 138 219 150
Vitamin A (mcg) 1 317 705 700-900
Vitamin B1 (mg) 1.5 1.0 1.1
Vitamin B2 (mg) 1.4 1.7 1.1-1.5
Vitamin B3 (mg) 35 19 13-17
Vitamin B6 (mg) 2.8 1.7 1.5
Vitamin B12 (mcg) 11.5 4.2 2.8
Vitamin C (mg) 264 142 70
Vitamin D (mcg) 4.3 3.7 3.3
Folate (mcg) 398 331 300
  1. Abbreviation: En%, energy percentage.
  2. aCalculations were based on the Dutch NeVo table [30].
  3. bRecommended Dietary Allowances were based on recommendation of the Dutch Health Council [2229].