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Table 2 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Favourable effects of consuming a Palaeolithic-type diet on characteristics of the metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot-study

Variable Palaeolithic (n 18) Reference (n 16) P*
  Mean or % SD Mean or % SD  
Demographic      
  Gender: women (%) 72.2   75.0   0.86
  Age (year) 52.0 10.2 55.4 9.0 0.32
  Race      0.13
  Caucasian (%) 100   87.5   
  Asian (%) 0   12.5   
Characteristics of the MetS (n), range 0-5 3.7 1.1 2.7 1.3 0.02
(1) Abdominal circumference ♂ ≥102 cm, ♀ ≥88 cm (%) 94.4   100.0   0.35
(2) Triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/l (%) 38.9   18.8   0.21
(3) HDL-cholesterol ♂ <1.0 mmol/l , ♀ <1.3 mmol/l (%) 66.7   12.5   0.00
(4) BP ≥130/85 mmHg or BP medication (%) 83.3   75.0   0.56
(5) Glucose fasting ≥5.6 mmol/l (%) 77.8   43.8   0.04
  1. *P values between the two intervention groups at baseline.