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Table 4 Change in lipid profile during the six months of intervention and the follow up in each group

From: Effects of Spirulina platensis supplementation on lipid profile in HIV–infected antiretroviral naïve patients in Yaounde - Cameroon: a randomized trial study

Variables Ctrl/Spi Period Patients received local balance diet Patients received spirulina combined with a local balance diet P-value
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 87/82 T0 194.8 ± 80.1 228.7 ± 96.8 0.17
79/80 T6 216.8 ± 109.4 143.3 ± 45.4 <0.001
66/79 T12 234.9 ± 101.8 141.4 ± 40.1 <0001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 87/82 T0 53.6 ± 18.4 48.0 ± 21.1 0.71
79/80 T6 49.9 ± 21.6 83.2 ± 39.7 <0. 001
88/79 T12 57.3 ± 27.0 100.9 ± 28.7 <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 87/82 T0 120.12 ± 75.8 127.0 ± 92.2 0.60
79/80 T6 138.3 ± 105.8 44.5 ± 33.0 <0.001
66/79 T12 146.3 ± 97.8 29.3 ± 16.8 <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 87/82 T0 117.6 ± 76.8 206.9 ± 122.7 <0.0001
79/80 T6 150.4 ± 97.5 139.8 ± 64.2 0.44
66/79 T12 167.1 ± 124.8 123.5 ± 44.6 <0.01
CT/HDL (mg/dL) 87/82 T0 3.6 ± 4.3 4.7 ± 4.6 0.21
79/80 T6 4.34 ± 5.1 1.7 ± 1.1 0.64
66/79 T12 4.1 ± 3.0 1.4 ± 1.4 <0.0001
LDL/HDL (mg/dL) 87/82 T0 2.2 ± 4.1 2.6 ± 4.3 0.26
79/80 T6 2.8 ± 4.89 0.53 ± 0.84 0.21
  66/79 T12 2.5 ± 3.6 0.3 ± 0.6 <0.0001
  1. Mean values ± SD.
  2. Ctrl: Control, Spi: Spirulina group; TC: HDL-C and LDL-C: HDL-C ratios were used to calculate the atherogenicity index. TC, total cholesterol; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG, triglycerides, P < 0.01: Significant difference between the group.