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Table 2 Baseline VLDL, LDL and HDL particle concentrations and sizes according to n-3 PUFA and n-6 PUFA tertiles

From: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of circulating omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids with lipoprotein particle concentrations and sizes: population-based cohort study with 6-year follow-up

  Tertiles of N-3 PUFAs  
  (Percentage of total fatty acid concentration)  
  I II III  
  <3.16% 3.16% to 3.87% >3.87% P for linearity*
VLDL, mean (SD)     
Concentration, nmol/L 84.8 (26.7) 93.0 (30.4) 87.1 (30.4) 0.81
Mean size, nm 36.4 (1.31) 36.5 (1.39) 36.1 (1.21) 0.021
LDL, mean (SD)     
Concentration, nmol/L 543 (119) 563 (122) 557 (121) 0.91
Mean size, nm 23.5 (0.17) 23.5 (0.18) 23.5 (0.15) 0.084
HDL, mean (SD)     
Concentration, μmol/L 7.25 (0.79) 7.36 (0.82) 7.46 (0.79) 0.086
Mean size, nm 9.92 (0.23) 9.93 (0.24) 9.98 (0.24) 0.011
  Tertiles of N-6 PUFAs  
  I II III  
  <32.7% 32.7% to 36.1% >36.1% P for linearity*
VLDL, mean (SD)     
Concentration, nmol/L 110 (29.3) 82.5 (22.6) 72.3 (20.7) <0.001
Mean size, nm 37.4 (1.32) 36.1 (0.99) 35.6 (0.81) <0.001
LDL, mean (SD)     
Concentration, nmol/L 589 (122) 537 (117) 537 (116) 0.15
Mean size, nm 23.5 (0.19) 23.6 (0.14) 23.6 (0.13) <0.001
HDL, mean (SD)     
Concentration, μmol/L 7.28 (0.84) 7.35 (0.82) 7.44 (0.75) 0.28
Mean size, nm 9.85 (0.20) 9.97 (0.23) 10.0 (0.25) <0.001
  1. *adjusted for age, sex, smoking, BMI and antihyperglycemic medication and lipid-lowering medication at baseline.