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Table 1 Characteristics of participants categorized by gender classification

From: Association of lipid profiles and the ratios with arterial stiffness in middle-aged and elderly Chinese

  Total Male Female P
Number 1133 430 703  
Age (years) 64.0 ± 8.6 65.4 ± 8.7 63.1 ± 8.4 <0.001
Smoking (%) 246(21.7) 136(31.6) 110(15.6) <0.001
Self-reported CVD (%) 239(21.1) 83(19.3) 156(22.2) 0.279
Waist to hip ratio 0.88 ± 0.06 0.91 ± 0.06 0.86 ± 0.06 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.4 ± 3.3 25.2 ± 3.2 25.5 ± 3.3 0.278
SBP (mmHg) 138.7 ± 19.2 139.0 ± 18.8 138.5 ± 19.4 0.630
DBP (mmHg) 83.8 ± 10.6 85.0 ± 10.1 83.0 ± 10.8 0.002
Hypertension (%) 809(71.4) 317(73.7) 492(70.0) 0.200
TC 5.34 ± 1.00 5.08 ± 0.91 5.50 ± 1.03 <0.001
TG 1.61(1.09-2.30) 1.55(1.06-2.20) 1.65(1.10-2.38) 0.154
HDL 1.29 ± 0.32 1.21 ± 0.31 1.34 ± 0.32 <0.001
LDL 3.02 ± 0.78 2.91 ± 0.73 3.09 ± 0.80 0.001
nonHDL 4.04 ± 0.97 3.87 ± 0.91 4.15 ± 0.99 <0.001
TC/HDL 4.32 ± 1.11 4.41 ± 1.14 4.27 ± 1.09 0.043
TG/HDL 1.29(0.80-2.05) 1.36(0.86-2.11) 1.27(0.77-1.98) 0.613
LDL/HDL 2.44 ± 0.79 2.53 ± 0.84 2.39 ± 076 0.005
nonHDL/HDL 3.32 ± 1.11 3.41 ± 1.14 3.27 ± 1.09 0.044
FPG (mmol/l) 6.9 ± 2.3 6.9 ± 2.5 6.8 ± 2.1 0.508
HbA1C 6.6 ± 1.3 6.8 ± 1.5 6.5 ± 1.2 0.021
HOMA-IR 3.37(2.12-5.56) 3.33(2.13-5.92) 340(2.10-5.44) 0.637
GFR (ml/min/1.732) 92.2 ± 13.7 89.5 ± 14.5 93.9 ± 13.0 <0.001
BaPWV (cm/s) 1745 ± 364 1782 ± 364 1723 ± 362 0.040
MetS (%) 759(67.0) 247(57.4) 512(72.8) <0.001
White blood cell (109/l) 6.1 ± 1.6 6.4 ± 1.7 5.9 ± 1.4 <0.001
Serum creatinine (μmol/l) 64.3 ± 18.7 76.4 ± 21.7 56.9 ± 11.4 <0.001
Uric acid (μmol/l) 315(260–370) 345(290–400) 300(251–347) 0.007
  1. CVD, cardiovascular disease; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment index-insulin resistance; GFR, glomerlar filtration rate; BaPWV, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; MetS, metabolic syndrome.
  2. Data were reported in mean ± SD, median (interquartile range), or number (percent).