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Table 2 Characteristics of participating men stratified by presence of HTGW components**

From: The association between "hypertriglyceridemic waist" and sub-clinical atherosclerosis in a multiethnic population: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Without HTGW n = 134 Elevated TG n = 31 Elevated WC n = 128 HTGW n = 84 Overall significance (p)
Age (years) 46.7 ± 8.9 46.1 ± 7.9 47.9 ± 8.7 45.5 ± 8.8 0.256
Ethnicity      < 0.001
Aboriginal 15 (11.2%) 1 (3.2%) 38 (29.7%) 25 (29.8%)  
Chinese 50 (37.3%) 19 (61.3%) 16 (12.5%) 15 (17.9%)  
European 40 (29.9%) 1 (3.2%) 39 (30.5%) 17 (20.2%)  
South Asian 29 (21.6%) 10 (32.3%) 35 (27.3%) 27 (32.1%)  
Current smoker 10 (7.5%) 3 (9.7%) 14 (10.9%) 15 (17.9%) 0.125
Family history of CVD present (%) 59 (44.0%) 14 (45.2%) 58 (45.3%) 36 (42.9%) 0.987
Physical activity (min/week)*† 238 (194, 290) 153 (99, 236) 220 (179, 272) 183 (142, 236) 0.249
Body mass index* 24.2 (23.6, 24.7) 24.7 (23.6, 25.8) 29.8 (29.2, 30.3) 30.7 (30.1, 31.4) < 0.001b, c, d, e, f
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)* 5.11 ± 0.95 5.81 ± 1.01 5.00 ± 0.87 5.66 ± 0.95 < 0.001a, c, d, f
HDL-C (mmol/L)* 1.28 ± 0.30 0.97 ± 0.19 1.13 ± 0.27 0.94 ± 0.20 < 0.001a, b, c, d, f
Glucose (mmol/L)* 5.10 (4.90, 5.43) 5.20 (5.00, 5.40) 5.30 (5.10, 5.70) 5.60 (5.20, 5.90) < 0.001b, c, e, f
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)* 115 (108, 120) 116 (108, 124) 118 (112, 126) 120 (114, 131) 0.014c
Intima-media thickness (mm)*† 0.67 (0.65, 0.69) 0.65 (0.61, 0.69) 0.71 (0.69, 0.73) 0.72 (0.70, 0.75) < 0.001b, c, d, e
Total area (mm2)*† 17.87 (16.53, 19.34) 18.56 (15.75, 21.85) 20.41 (18.84, 21.85) 21.05 (19.07, 23.27) < 0.001b, c
Presence of plaque 66 (49.3%) 17 (54.8%) 74 (57.8%) 53 (63.1%) 0.225
  1. *Age adjusted, presented as mean (95%CI), † geometric means; age presented as mean ± SD; Differences in continuous variables across categories of HTGW components variable explored by general linear modelling. Categorical variables presented as n (%). Associations between categorical variables and HTGW components variable explored by Chi-square test.
  2. Pairwise comparisons: ap < 0.05, Normal WC/Normal TG vs. Elevated TG/Normal WC; bp < 0.05, Normal WC/Normal TG vs. Elevated WC/Normal TG; cp < 0.05, Normal WC/Normal TG vs. HTGW; dp < 0.05, Elevated TG/Normal WC vs. Elevated WC/Normal TG; ep < 0.05, Elevated TG/Normal WC vs. HTGW; fp < 0.05, Elevated WC/Normal TG vs. HTGW.
  3. **Elevated waist circumference (WC) was ≥ 90 cm. Elevated triglyceride (TG) levels were ≥ 2 mmol/L. Fourteen male participants are missing data for one or both hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) components.