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Table 4 Plasma phospholipids

From: Plasma and erythrocyte membrane phospholipids and fatty acids in Italian general population and hemodialysis patients

Fatty acids (μmol/L) HD (n = 99) Controls (n = 160) p-value p*
Polyunsatured ω-6:     
Linoleic acid (18:2) 1387.30 ± 340.15 1757.48 ± 289.93 <0.0001 <0.0001
Γ-Linolenic acid (18:3) 29.20 ± 14.83 14.79 ± 9.72 <0.0001 <0.0001
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (20:3) 110.68 ± 38.99 175.37 ± 65.68 <0.0001 <0.0001
Arachidonic acid (20:4) 437 ± 111.45 504.52 ± 133 <0.0001 <0.0001
Polyunsatured ω-3:     
Α-Linolenic acid (18:3) 18.35 ± 14.57 15.58 ± 9.62 0.4460 0.069
Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5) 28.95 ± 37.49 39.95 ± 54.82 0.0081 0.016
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6) 142.10 ± 67.86 150.51 ± 78.13 0.4389 0.508
ω-6/ω-3:     
ARA/EPA 28.54 ± 20 25 ± 17 0.0081 0.136
ARA/DHA 4.06 ± 1.53 3.48 ± 1.48 0.068 0.106
Ω-3 Index:     
EPA + DHA 179.46 ± 110.92 182.11 ± 111.96 0.832 0.294
  1. P <0.05 is statistically significant, p* = differences between the two groups controlled for gender, age, BMI and smoke.
  2. HD: hemodialysis. ARA: arachidonic acid. EPA: eicosapentaenoic acid. DHA=: docosahexaenoic acid.