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Table 2 Anthropometric and metabolic changes of DM and pre-diabetes group over time

From: A 6-month “self-monitoring” lifestyle modification with increased sunlight exposure modestly improves vitamin D status, lipid profile and glycemic status in overweight and obese Saudi adults with varying glycemic levels

  DMT2 group Pre-diabetes group
Baseline 6 months P-value Baseline 6 months P-value
M/F 8/29 14/33
Age (years) 47.69 ± 1.45 48.85 ± 1.46
BMI (kg/m2) 31.8 ± 1.0 32.1 ± 0.9 NS 32.2 ± 0.97 32.0 ± 0.92 NS
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 115.7 ± 3.6 116.2 ± 4.4 NS 116.3 ± 3.5 115.8 ± 3.2 NS
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 90.8 ± 4.9 89.7 ± 5.6 NS 85.3 ± 3.5 85.0 ± 3.8 NS
Glucose (mmol/l) 8.6 ± 0.4 7.8 ± 0.4 NS 6.1 ± 0.05 5.8 ± 0.17 NS
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 2.0 ± 0.17 1.9 ± 0.12 NS 1.7 ± 0.12 1.6 ± 0.11 NS
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.0 ± 0.21 4.3 ± 0.17 0.0004 4.8 ± 0.14 4.3 ± 0.13 0.002
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 0.98 ± 0.06 0.94 ± 0.11 NS 1.07 ± 0.05 0.86 ± 0.08 0.009
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.8 ± 0.3 2.97 ± 0.2 7.6 x 10−5 3.6 ± 0.18 3.1 ± 0.16 0.017
Calcium (mmol/l) 2.1 ± 0.03 2.2 ± 0.04 0.015 2.09 ± 0.02 2.18 ± 0.02 0.012
Corrected calcium (mmol/l) 2.2 ± 0.02 2.3 ± 0.03 0.002 2.15 ± 0.02 2.23 ± 0.02 0.005
Phosphate (mmol/l) 1.08 ± 0.03 1.1 ± 0.04 NS 1.08 ± 0.02 1.08 ± 0.02 NS
Albumin (g/l) 37.4 ± 0.9 38.1 ± 0.7 NS 37.4 ± 0.87 37.3 ± 0.52 NS
25-OH D (nmol/l) 46.8 ± 3.6 54.7 ± 4.8 NS 49.3 ± 5.2 60.7 ± 5.8 0.05
  1. Note: Data presented as mean ± standard error; NS – not significant; significance at p < 0.05.