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Table 3 Associations of 25(OH) vitamin D to metabolic parameters according to groups

From: A 6-month “self-monitoring” lifestyle modification with increased sunlight exposure modestly improves vitamin D status, lipid profile and glycemic status in overweight and obese Saudi adults with varying glycemic levels

  ALL subjects N = 150 Non-DMT2 group N = 67 Pre-DM group N = 47 DMT2 group N = 37
Baseline 6 months Baseline 6 months Baseline 6 months Baseline 6 months
BMI (kg/m2) −0.10 −0.11 0.06 0.07 −0.19 −0.34* −0.06 −0.03
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 0.10 −0.04 0.05 0.00 0.01 −0.02 0.21 −0.20
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 0.03 −0.05 0.08 −0.10 −0.06 −0.18 −0.04 0.16
Glucose (mmol/l) 0.07 0.15 0.05 0.04 0.008 0.23 0.02 0.20
Triglycerides (mmol/l) −0.04 −0.04 0.04 0.04 −0.11 −0.27* −0.14 0.18
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) −0.10 −0.15 −0.02 −0.10 −0.20 −0.29* −0.11 −0.03
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) −0.06 −0.05 0.05 −0.13 −0.28 −0.02 0.09 0.12
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) −0.05 −0.14 0.02 −0.06 −0.05 −0.22 −0.15 −0.14
Calcium (mmol/l) 0.05 0.19* 0.27* 0.23 −0.04 0.27* −0.32 0.10
Corrected calcium (mmol/l) −0.02 0.15 0.20 0.17 −0.23 0.22 −0.11 0.09
Phosphate (mmol/l) −0.02 0.07 0.19 0.16 −0.23 −0.19 0.00 0.34*
Albumin (g/l) 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.06 −0.19 0.08
  1. Note: Data presented as coefficient (R); *denotes significance at p < 0.05.