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Table 1 Serum and urinary sialic acid and microalbumin levels in Type 2 diabetes with nephropathy and retinopathy

From: Relationship between Sialic acid and metabolic variables in Indian type 2 diabetic patients

Parameters Diabetes without any complications Diabetic nephropathy Diabetic Retinopathy Non-diabetic subjects p value
Serum Sialic acid (mg%) 55.05 ± 2.9* 85.05 ± 2.7*** 75.05 ± 2.5*** 46.6 ± 2.08 < 0.001
Urine sialic acid (mg%) 6.02 ± 2.58** 13.06 ± 1.58*** 11.03 ± 1.78*** 3.2 ± 0.65 < 0.001
Microalbumin (mg %) 8.2 ± 3.24 132.2 ± 35.24*** 102.2 ± 29.24*** 7.67 ± 3.28 < 0.001
FBS (mg%) 140.02 ± 70.08 155.6 ± 50.7 150.6 ± 49.9 90.02 ± 80.08 < 0.01
PPBS (mg%) 150.02 ± 102.10 207.3 ± 57.6 200.1 ± 57.6 120.02 ± 102.10 < 0.01
HbA1C (%) 9.10 ± 5.20 11.1 ± 2.3 10.1 ± 2.5 6.10 ± 5.20 < 0.05
Triglyceride (mg%) 122.04 ± 75.01 178.02 ± 78.01 180.04 ± 75.01 120.04 ± 76.01 < 0.05
Cholesterol(mg%) 148.04 ± 120.01 256.03 ± 134.01 246.03 ± 130.01 140.04 ± 119.01 NS
HDL (mg %) 35.01 ± 20.04 38.01 ± 26.02 35.01 ± 20.04 36.01 ± 19.04 NS
LDL (mg %) 90.00 ± 76.06 165.00 ± 97.01 160.00 ± 95.01 87.00 ± 76.05 < 0.05
Creatinine (mg %) 2.00 ± 1.6.06 10.05 ± 2.03 10.03 ± 2.01 1.40 ± 1.20 < 0.001
Urine creatinine (mg%) 145.00 ± 102.6 155.03 ± 65.02 150.03 ± 66.01 146.00 ± 113.06 < 0.05
  1. Mean ± SD *** p < 0.001, NS = not significant, n = 50