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Table 3 Characteristics of Lifestyle habits by adiponectin levels (n = 195)

From: Association between lifestyle factors and plasma adiponectin levels in Japanese men

   Adiponectin
   <4.0 μg/mL ≥4.0 μg/mL P *
  N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Physical exercise     
   ≥ Twice /week 34 (17.4) 4 (2.1) 30 (15.4) .000
Hours of walking in weekdays     
   ≥30 hr/day 103 (53.1) 35 (18.0) 68 (35.1) .373
Smoking     
   Nonsmoker, Ex-smoker 113 (57.9) 37 (19.0) 76 (39.0) .134
   Current smoker 82 (42.1) 36 (18.5) 46 (23.6)  
Alcohol drinking     
   None, Seldom 67 (34.4) 23 (11.8) 44 (22.6) .537
Many deep-yellow vegetables     
   Everyday 25 (12.8) 5 (2.6) 20 (10.3) .075
Many snack     
   Everyday 113 (57.9) 38 (19.5) 75 (38.5) .231
A lot of meat     
   Everyday, often 40 (20.5) 13 (6.7) 27(13.8) .583
Many deep-fry     
   Everyday, often 49 (25.1) 15 (7.7) 34 (17.4) .307
Many salty foods     
   Everyday, often 27 (13.8) 9 (4.6) 18 (9.2) .675
Frequency of eating out     
   < once a day 109 (55.9) 34 (17.4) 75 (38.5) .053
Sleeping hours     
   7 to 8 hr/day 47 (24.1) 14 (7.2) 33 (16.9) .231
  1. * χ2 – test