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Table 3 Effectiveness of Cissus quadrangularis formulation on serological characteristics: Percent difference in means from Week 0 to Week 8

From: The use of a Cissus quadrangularis formulation in the management of weight loss and metabolic syndrome

BMI Greater than 30 (Obese) 25 – 29 (Overweight)
Treatment Placebo (n = 30) Formulation/no diet (n = 31) Formulation/Diet (n = 31) Formulation/no diet (n = 31)
Serological Characteristics*     
Total Cholesterol (%) -3.1 (28.7) -27.0 (14.6)a -26.0 (13.3)a -18.8 (17.0)b
LDL Cholesterol (%) -10.4 (13.4) -18.4 (9.8)c -32.4 (15.5)a -26.4 (12.8)a
HDL Cholesterol (%) 17.4 (38.8) 50.5 (50.7)b 43.0 (39.5)c 19.6 (37.0)
Triglycerides (%) -4.5 (25.4) -36.8 (17.8)a -28.0 (12.2)a -15.0 (15.3)c
C-Reactive Protein (%) 0.8 (13.2) -20.8 (11.2)a -20.8 (10.0)a -16.3 (13.2)a
Fasting Blood Glucose (%) -4.6 (14.8) -13.4 (13.6)b -16.1 (13.4)a -11.4 (11.8)c
  1. * These data are shown as means with standard deviations in parentheses
  2. a P = <0.001 versus placebo
  3. b P = <0.01 versus placebo
  4. c P = <0.05 versus placebo