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Table 2 Characteristics of the study's participants (% by gender)

From: Prevalence of self-reported hypercholesterolaemia and its relation to dietary habits, in Greek adults; a national nutrition & health survey

  Men (n = 2439) Women (n = 2564) P
Age (years) 43.7 ± 16.1 44.7 ± 16.0 0.025*
Education status a    < 0.001*
   Group I 710 (29.1 %) 997 (38.9 %)  
   Group II 763 (31.3 %) 787 (30.7 %)  
   Group III 966 (39.6 %) 779 (30.4 %)  
Physical status    < 0.001*
   Physically inactive 1664 (67.8 %) 2110 (82.3 %)  
   Physically active 784 (32.2 %) 454 (17.7 %)  
Smoking habits    < 0.001*
   Never smoker 700 (28.7 %) 1381 (53.9 %)  
   Current smoker 1176 (48.2 %) 901 (35.1 %)  
   Former smoker 563 (23.1 %) 282 (11.0 %)  
BMI (Kg/m2) b 26.3 ± 5.7 25.0 ± 5.3 < 0.001*
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m2) 322 (13.2 %) 345 (13.5 %) 0.703
Hypertension 325 (13.3 %) 455 (17.7 %) < 0.001*
Hypercholesterolaemia 400 (16.4 %) 560 (21.8 %) < 0.001*
Diabetes mellitus 152 (6.2 %) 146 (5.7 %) 0.422
Renal failure 23 (0.5 %) 39 (0.8 %) 0.065
  1. a The educational level of the participants was measured by the years of schooling (Group I: < 9 years, Group II: up to high school or technical colleges (10 – 14 years) and Group III: university
  2. b BMI: Body mass index.
  3. P < 0.05 Statistical significant difference between men and women