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Table 3 Effects of CLA and EX on the Cancellous and Cortical Bone parameters of the Proximal Tibial Metaphysis Analyzed using pQCT densitometry.

From: Effects of conjugated linoleic acid and exercise on bone mass in young male Balb/C mice

Groups/Bone Parameters SFO SED SFO EX CLA SED CLA EX
Cancellous Bone Area (mm2) 4.127 ± 0.200a 4.020 ± 0.400 5.110 ± 0.300 3.890 ± 0.400
Cancellous BMC (mg/mm) 6.893 ± 0.039 6.668 ± 0.058 7.951 ± 0.071 6.663 ± 0.055
Cancellous BMD (g/mm3) 494.6 ± 20.4a 539.9 ± 29.4 721.8 ± 96.1 553.3 ± 39.4
Cortical Bone Area (mm2) 3.749 ± 0.170 3.778 ± 0.270 4.469 ± 0.200 4.055 ± 0.267
Cortical BMC (mg/mm) 3.424 ± 0.180a 3.499 ± 0.240 4.260 ± 0.190 3.972 ± 0.260
Cortical BMD (g/mm3) 2726.0 ± 80.5a,b 2813.0 ± 64.5a,b 3181.0 ± 93.4 3025.0 ± 50.0
Cortical Thickness (mm) 0.759 ± 0.040 0.712 ± 0.040 0.808 ± 0.055 0.799 ± 0.040
Periosteal Perimeter (mm) 18.20 ± 0.70a 17.96 ± 1.10 21.44 ± 0.74 16.60 ± 2.10
Endocortical Perimeter (mm) 13.62 ± 0.49a 13.42 ± 1.05 16.44 ± 1.00 12.28 ± 1.40a
  1. a = p < 0.05 vs CLA SED, b = p < 0.05 vs CLA EX. SFO SED = Safflower Oil (SFO) Sedentary (SED), SFO EX = SFO and Exercise (EX), CLA SED = Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) SED, CLA EX = CLA and EX.