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Table 8 Dynamics of biochemical characteristics of patients under the effects of diet and amaranth oil

From: Amaranth oil application for coronary heart disease and hypertension

Biochemical Sings HAD Amaranth Oil 3 g (100 mg squalene per day) Amaranth Oil 6 g (200 mg squalene per day) Amaranth Oil 12 g (400 mg squalene per day) Amaranth Oil 18 g (600 mg squalene per day)
Total cholesterol mmol/L 1 6.31 ± 0.23 7.06 ± 0.6 5.58 ± 0.23 5.76 ± 0.23 6.60 ± 0.23
  2 5.57 ± 0.20* 5.69 ± 0.3* 4.79 ± 0.20* 4.76 ± 0.20* 5.29 ± 0.20*
Triglycerides mmol/L 1 1.34 ± 0.13 1.57 ± 0.2 1.88 ± 0.13 1.17 ± 0.13 2.49 ± 0.13
  2 1.13 ± 0.10 1.45 ± 0.18 1.62 ± 0.10 0.93 ± 0.10 1.58 ± 0.10
HDL Cholesterol mmol/L 1 1.65 ± 0.11 1.66 ± 0.32 1.16 ± 0.11 1.26 ± 0.11 1.15 ± 0.11
  2 1.51 ± 0.07 1.42 ± 0.22 1.13 ± 0.07 1.24 ± 0.07 1.19 ± 0.07
LDL Cholesterol mmol/L 1 4.03 ± 0.20 4.69 ± 0.44 3.90 ± 0.20 3.74 ± 0.20 4.42 ± 0.20
  2 3.54 ± 0.17 3.61 ± 0.26 3.18 ± 0.17 2.89 ± 0.17 3.32 ± 0.17
VLDL Cholesterol mmol/L 1 0.61 ± 0.06 0.71 ± 0.09 0.99 ± 0.06 0.58 ± 0.06 1.25 ± 0.06
  2 0.51 ± 0.04 0.66 ± 0.08 0.81 ± 0.04 0.46 ± 0.04 0.79 ± 0.04
Aterogenic Index (AI) 1 3.15 ± 0.27 3.65 ± 0.41 4.06 ± 0.27 3.80 ± 0.27 5.21 ± 0.27
  2 2.90 ± 0.25 3.47 ± 0.44 3.33 ± 0.25 2.98 ± 0.25 3.54 ± 0.25
  1. 1 – Before Treatment, 2 – After Treatment
  2. AI = (Total Cholesterol - HDL): HDL under p < 0.05; ** under p < 0.01.