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Table 9 The effect of amaranth oil on fatty-acid composition of erythrocyte membrane of patients

From: Amaranth oil application for coronary heart disease and hypertension

Fatty Acids HAD Amaranth Oil 3 g (100 mg squalene per day) Amaranth Oil 6 g (200 mg squalene per day) Amaranth Oil 12 g (400 mg squalene per day) Amaranth Oil 18 g (600 mg squalene per day)
12:0 1 -- 0.35 1.14 1.22 1.07
  2 -- 0.34 0.57 1.26 0.90
14:0 1 2.02 5.2 2.18 2.23 2.19
  2 1.44 4.11 0.97 2.89 1.99
15:0 1 2.9 2.28 0.61 0.62 0.77
  2 2.08 2.29 0.44 0.76 0.72
16:0 1 15.9 24.99 15.4 18.44 19.6
  2 17.75 16.1 23.0 16.40 17.8
16:1 1 3.98 4.68 0.88 1.09 1.30
  2 2.87 6.04 0.82 2.91 1.44
17:0:1 1 3.28 5.04 1.11 1.27 1.41
  2 2.55 2.87 1.07 1.27 1.41
18:0 1 12.81 8.22 11.70 12.45 12.24
  2 11.55 11.29 14.78 11.15 12.15
18:1 1 14.29 20.4 14.05 14.95 14.85
  2 14.93 17.76 15.43 15.09 17.17
18:2 1 8.48 9.65 11.05 11.61 11.57
  2 9.96 10.78 12.67 11.13 10.74
18:3 1 1.7 0.57 0.40 0.69 0.52
  2 0.88 0.8 0.11 0.19 0.26
20:0 1 -- 0.22 0.57 0.45 0.63
  2 -- 0.2 0.33 0.49 0.34
20:1 1 -- 0.66 0.84 0.79 0.96
  2 -- 1.07 0.61 0.95 0.81
20:2 1 --   0.63 0.51 0.43
  2 --   0.35 0.55 0.56
20:3 1 1.64 1.66 2.53 1.96 2.17
  2 1.16 1.31 1.50 1.57 2.22
20:4 1 15.03 5.77 15.33 13.66 11.7
  2 14.95 10.93 14.04 14.75 14.15
20:5 1 1.45 2.05 4.06 4.64 3.80
  2 1.03 4.23 1.08 3.00 2.40
22:1 1 -- 0.83 2.75 2.80 3.82
  2 -- 1.5 1.89 3.00 3.14
22:4 1 5.4 1.71 0.52 0.53 0.54
  2 5.65 1.27 0.83 0.50 0.46
24:0 1 3.55 0.18 0.23 0.19 0.18
  2 4.51 0.22 0.18 0.22 0.22
22:5 1 2.6 1.0 2.91 2.13 2.05
  2 2.32 1.31 1.77 2.30 2.22
22:6 1 5.42 2.46 9.40 6.99 6.45
  2 6.41 4.1 7.10 8.26 8.05
24:1 1 -- 0.73 1.10 0.84 0.94
  2 -- 0.63 0.94 1.00 1.02
Sum of omega 3 1 11.17 6.08 16.77 14.31 12.88
  2 10.64 10.44 10.23 13.75 12.37
Sum of PUFAs 1 50.2 25.82 46.83 42.59 39.43
  2 42.36 35.5 38.94 42.26 40.56
Sum of UFAs 1 37.18 47.03 31.83 35.6 36.68
  2 37.33 34.55 40.27 33.17 34.12
  1. 1 – Before Treatment, 2 – After Treatment
  2. PUFAs – Polyunsaturated fatty acids
  3. UFAs – Unsaturated fatty acids