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Table 2 Composition of Individual Fatty Acids in Soleus and Red and White Gastrocnemius Muscles from Dam-Reared Rats*

From: Docosahexaenoic acid and n-6 docosapentaenoic acid supplementation alter rat skeletal muscle fatty acid composition

  Soleus Red Gastrocnemius White Gastrocnemius
  (weight % of total fatty acids)
12:0 6.6 ± 2.3a 2.1 ± 0.8b 5.1 ± 1.9a
14:0 5.2 ± 1.1a 2.3 ± 0.4b 4.3 ± 1.2a
16:0 DMA 1.0 ± 0.5a 2.0 ± 0.4b 1.4 ± 0.4ab
16:0 19.4 ± 1.0a 21.7 ± 1.0b 24.5 ± 1.0b
18:0 DMA 0.53 ± 0.29 0.92 ± 0.25 0.75 ± 0.25
18:0 8.6 ± 2.4a 12.2 ± 0.6b 7.3 ± 1.0a
20:0 0.09 ± 0.02a 0.08 ± 0.02a 0.05 ± 0.01b
22:0 0.08 ± 0.02ab 0.09 ± 0.03a 0.05 ± 0.01b
24:0 0.13 ± 0.06ab 0.18 ± 0.02a 0.10 ± 0.02b
16:1 n-7 7.2 ± 1.8a 3.3 ± 0.3b 6.3 ± 1.5a
18:1 DMA 0.06 ± 0.02a 0.22 ± 0.05b 0.19 ± 0.06b
18:1 n-9 17.2 ± 2.7a 10.3 ± 1.0b 14.2 ± 2.7a
18:1 n-7 4.0 ± 0.3a 3.3 ± 0.2b 3.6 ± 0.2b
20:1 n-9 0.09 ± 0.03 0.06 ± 0.02 0.08 ± 0.02
24:1 n-9 0.12 ± 0.04ab 0.14 ± 0.01a 0.08 ± 0.02b
18:2 n-6 13.6 ± 1.3a 15.0 ± 1.3a 11.8 ± 0.8b
18:3 n-6 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.01
20:2 n-6 0.06 ± 0.01 0.08 ± 0.05 0.05 ± 0.01
20:3 n-6 0.27 ± 0.07a 0.44 ± 0.05b 0.34 ± 0.09ab
20:4 n-6 6.0 ± 1.9a 8.9 ± 0.4b 6.5 ± 2.2ab
22:4 n-6 0.42 ± 0.09a 0.39 ± 0.03a 0.27 ± 0.09b
22:5 n-6 0.27 ± 0.11a 0.51 ± 0.07b 0.36 ± 0.17ab
18:3 n-3 0.82 ± 0.23a 0.34 ± 0.06b 0.62 ± 0.18a
20:5 n-3 0.07 ± 0.02a 0.13 ± 0.03b 0.10 ± 0.03ab
22:5 n-3 0.58 ± 0.19a 1.18 ± 0.07b 0.87 ± 0.24c
22:6 n-3 3.9 ± 1.6a 11.7 ± 1.1b 7.7 ± 2.0c
  1. *Values are mean ± SD; n = 6. Values in a row not sharing a roman superscript are significantly different at P < 0.05 by Tukey's honestly significantly difference test after a significant F-value (P < 0.05) by repeated measures ANOVA. DMA, dimethyl acetal.