30 kg/m2). 1064 were men and 698 women (20–89 years old). Adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed through a diet-score that was based on a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Blood pressure was measured and also fasting glucose, insulin and blood lipids. Insulin sensitivity was also assessed by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) approach (glucose × insulin/22.5). Results Individuals with excess bodyweight in the highest tertile of diet score, were more insulin sensitive than those in the lowest tertile (11.4% lower HOMA, p = 0.06), had 13% lower levels of total cholesterol (p = 0.001) and 3 mmHg decrease of systolic blood pressure levels (p < 0.001), when adjusted for age, sex and BMI. Multivariate analysis after taking into account several confounders demonstrated that insulin sensitivity, total cholesterol and systolic blood pressure were independently but only modestly correlated with Mediterranean diet in people with excess bodyweight. Conclusion Adherence to Mediterranean diet is modeslty associated with a better insulin sensitivity, lower levels of total cholesterol and lower levels of systolic blood pressure in overweight and obese subjects. This may suggest that compared to general population, the beneficial effect of this diet in cardiovascular system of excess body weight people is limited."/>
Skip to main content

Table 1 Various characteristics of the overweight/obese participants according to Mediterranean diet score.

From: Mediterranean diet and insulin sensitivity, lipid profile and blood pressure levels, in overweight and obese people; The Attica study

  Mediterranean Diet Score  
  1st tertile <24 2nd tertile 24–27 3rd tertile >27 P
N 901 722 139  
Age (years) 55 ± 13 46 ± 11 35 ± 10 < 0.001
Males% 76 58 16 < 0.001
Years of school 11 ± 4 12 ± 4 13 ± 3 < 0.001
Current smoking% 38 46 45 0.002
Physical activity% 39 38 44 0.014
Waist (cm) 101.9 ± 12.7 92.2 ± 11.2 77.7 ± 10.6 < 0.001
Waist – to – hip 0.93 ± 0.09 0.87 ± 0.09 0.78 ± 0.08 < 0.001
BMI (Kg/m2) 29.6 ± 4.4 26.6 ± 2.8 22.5 ± 2.6 < 0.001